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[New York State Temperance Society]:
TEMPERANCE RECORDER. EXTRA.
Broadside, 8-1/2" x 12". Illustration at the top: drunkards pouring out of the tavern, a distilery across the way, a mother and her small children looking on at the destruction caused by alcohol. Moderately foxed, small pinhole affecting a portion of a letter, old folds. Good+. Side margin note says: "Was there ever a drunkard who was not once a moderate drinker?" Another says: "If there were no makers and venders of Ardent Spirits in the Union, would there be any Drunkards?" Sabin 94651 [the series].

Price: $75.00
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[Sampson, Moses]:
THE SHAM-PATRIOT UNMASKED; BEING AN EXPOSITION OF THE FATALLY SUCCESSFUL ARTS OF DEMAGOGUES, TO EXALT THEMSELVES, BY FLATTERING AND SWINDLING THE PEOPLE; IN A VARIETY OF PERTINENT FACTS, DRAWN FROM SACRED AND PROFANE HISTORY. BY HISTORICUS. FIFTH EDITION.
Printed by Galen H. Fay, Haverhill:, 1805
47, [1 blank] pp. Disbound, occasional mild foxing. Good+. Gaines, citing two earlier editions, identifies 'Historicus' as Moses Sampson, who chronicles here his disaffection with popular democracy. He emphasizes "the instability of the people, and their liableness to become the dupes of artful and wicked men." AI 9306 [4].

Price: $25.00
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[Massachusetts]:
VIEW OF THE WHOLE GROUND: COMPRISING THE CONSTITUTION OF THE U. STATES, THE DECLARATION OF RIGHTS AND CONSTITUTION OF MASSACHUSETTS; TOGETHER WITH ALL THE EMBARGO LAWS.
E.W. Allen, Newburyport:, 1809
67pp. Disbound, uniform light toning, Good+. AI 19113 [4].

Price: $75.00
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Currier, N.:
ZACHARY TAYLOR, PEOPLE'S CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT. MILLARD FILLMORE, WHIG CANDIDATE FOR VICE PRESIDENT.
Currier, New York:, 1848
Oblong. Image 12-1/2" x 8-1/2" within border, which contains the title. Bottom margin stained, with a couple of chips taking several letters from the word "President." Otherwise Good+. "Campaign banner for Whig presidential and vice presidential nominees for 1848, Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore. Unlike Currier's other Whig banners... this example is horizontal rather than vertical in format. Bust portraits of the two candidates, Taylor in uniform on the left and Fillmore on the right, are framed with acanthus wreaths, and set side-by-side against a dressed stone wall on which are incised three stars. The candidates are turned slightly toward each other and appear against a sky background. The banner compares closely with another banner which Currier produced for the Cass-Butler ticket. Taylor and Fillmore were nominated on June 9, 1848, and this print probably appeared soon thereafter. Although Taylor is here titled the 'People's Candidate for President,' Fillmore is merely called the 'Whig Candidate'." [Reilly] Reilly 1848-10.

Price: $175.00
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Chase, Samuel:
REPORT OF THE TRIAL OF THE HON. SAMUEL CHASE, ONE OF THE ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, BEFORE THE HIGH COURT OF IMPEACHMENT, COMPOSED OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, FOR CHARGES EXHIBITED AGAINST HIM BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, IN THE NAME OF THEMSELVES, AND OF ALL THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES, FOR HIGH CRIMES & MISDEMEANORS, SUPPOSED TO HAVE BEEN BY HIM COMMITTED; WITH THE NECESSARY DOCUMENTS AND OFFICIAL PAPERS, FROM HIS IMPEACHMENT TO FINAL ACQUITTAL. TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY CHARLES EVANS, AND THE ARGUMENTS OF COUNSEL REVISED BY THEM FROM HIS MANUSCRIPT.
Samuel Butler and George Keatings, Baltimore:, 1805
pp [6], 12, [3]-244, 237-268, 68 [as issued, no repetition of text]. Original calf, possibly rebacked at an early date [light wear to corners, small chips to spine, spine label worn]. Foxed, dark stain runs through top margin [enters first few lines of text of final seventy or so pages]. Good. In 1796 President Washington nominated the Federalist Chase, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, to the Supreme Court; the Senate unanimously confirmed. Angered by President Adams's last-minute judicial appointments, Jeffersonians resolved, after the 1800 election, to make "an example of at least one Judge." Chase became their target. The pretext was his harangue to a Maryland Grand Jury, opposing Jefferson's agenda. His "unnecessarily strenuous support of the Sedition Law, his prejudiced and passionate conduct of the trials of the two Republicans, Thomas Cooper and James T. Callender...and his personal traits had long subjected him to vicious and unmeasured attacks" [I Warren, The Supreme Court 273]. Cohen 14471. Sabin 12204. Bristol 340. AI 8173 [5].

Price: $175.00
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[Alabama Democratic Party]:
AT A MEETING OF REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRATS, CALLED TO MEET THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE FOR CONSULTATION, A MOTION WAS MADE AND UNANIMOUSLY ADOPTED THAT THE FOLLOWING SPEECH, DELIVERED BY E.L. RUSSELL, AT THE RATIFICATION MEETING ON SATURDAY NIGHT, JULY 14, 1888, BE PUBLISHED AS A CAMPAIGN DOCUMENT.
8pp. Title as stated. Browned uniformly, light blank extremity chipping, stitched. Good+. A call for everyone to vote Democratic in the upcoming presidential election. The Democratic Party "is struggling with all its power to protect the people of this country from the oppression of the combinations, the monopolies and the great trusts; the party whose policy is to prevent the money from being hoarded in the United States Treasury, but to keep it in circulation, that it may be employed in all channels of commerce..." Vote for Grover Cleveland, and turn out Republicans' "corrupting influences and arbitrary use of power." Not located on OCLC as of June 2017, or in Ellison.

Price: $150.00
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Indiana Election of 1864:
POLL BOOK AND TALLY SHEET OF RICHLAND TOWNSHIP, RUSH COUNTY, INDIANA, FOR THE 1864 GUBERNATORIAL ELECTION BETWEEN JOSEPH MCDONALD AND OLIVER P. MORTON, AND OTHER STATE OFFICES.
Folio, 8 " x 14". [8] pp, folded, with one small slip of an additional page loose. Poll Book preprinted with introduction, columns and headings, names of candidates, etc. Completed in neat ink manuscript. The first page contains an introduction at the top half, followed by names of voters up through #232 on page [4] and an additional five voters listed on the slip. At page [5] is the pre-printed certification filled in and signed by three officers, followed by a list of both preprinted and added names of all those on the election ticket and the offices they seek, with number of votes received by each in manuscript. The final page contains the docketing information. Signed by Jacob Fisher, Thompson Patterson, and Thos. Butler, and filed on October 13, 1864. Quite clean. Very Good. [with] Tally Paper. 17" x 28". Preprinted with heading, columns, and names of candidates and offices they seek. Some additional candidates added in manuscript, with manuscript tallies and calculations. Light age toning, old folds with a few short splits at corner folds, some spotting and dustsoiling of verso. At the head of the document are the signatures of Jacob Fisher, Thompson Patterson, and Thos. Butler, judges; and Thomas Powell, clerk. Very Good. During the 1864 gubernatorial election, Oliver P. Morton ran on the Union ticket against Democrat Joseph McDonald. Morton had been elected Lt. Governor under Gov. Henry Lane in 1860. Lane resigned two days after being confirmed in January, 1861, so that he could take a seat in the U.S. Senate; Morton succeeded to his office. Morton won the election by more than 20,000 votes. Names of the 232 who voted include: J.H. Scott, George Greenfogle, Archibald Clardy, W.C. Stewart, D.L. Burt, Jno. S. Stewart, Preston Smith, Alex Fisher, Timothy Bowen, Zefeniah Marshall, A.W. Johnson, J.W. Logan, E.W. Barnes, Jno. Smith, J.A. Miller, David Reid, W.M. McCo7y, Jno. Stewart, Corn Vanorsdall, and many more. Jacob Fisher [1824-1894] appears to have worked as a teacher in the town's early log schoolhouse and later at the Richland Academy which was chartered in 1855. He also served as the Trustee of the township from 1859 until approximately 1879. [HISTORY OF RUSH COUNTY, INDIANA... 1888, pages 830-831.] Others who signed off on these documents as judges and clerks were primarily farmers by occupation.

Price: $175.00
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Wedgwood, Josiah:
WEDGWOOD TILE OF THE SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' MONUMENT IN BOSTON WITH THE INSCRIPTION TAKEN FROM THE MONUMENT ITSELF.
Josiah Wedgwood & Sons, [Boston:, c 1883]
6" x 6", ceramic tile with brown sepia transfer depicting the renowned Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument on Boston Common, commemorating the defenders of the Union in the Civil War. Depictinglines of trees on either side of the monument and printing the full inscription from the monument. On the back of the tile is the raised imprint "JOSIAH WEDGWOOD & SONS ETRURIA." Light wear around the edges, with little wear to the transfer itself. Very Good.

Price: $75.00
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Hall, A. Oakey:
HORACE GREELEY DECENTLY DISSECTED, IN A LETTER ON HORACE GREELEY, ADDRESSED BY A. OAKEY HALL TO JOSEPH HOXIE, ESQ., REPUBLISHED (WITH AN ALPHABET OF NOTES) BY POPULAR REQUEST.
Ross & Tousey, New York:, 1862
38pp, disbound, a few fox marks. Good+. A thorough and detailed attack on Greeley's political positions, particularly his view that the 'erring sister' slave states should be permitted to depart from the Union in peace. Sabin 29712.

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Reed, William B.:
A PAPER CONTAINING A STATEMENT AND VINDICATION OF CERTAIN POLITICAL OPINIONS. READ BEFORE THE DEMOCRATIC ASSOCIATION, CHESTNUT HILL, NOV. 1862.
John Campbell, Philadelphia:, 1862
32pp, disbound. Light scattered foxing. Good+. A prominent Philadelphia Whig who became a Buchanan Democrat and then Buchanan's Minister to China, Reed bitterly opposed Lincoln's conduct of the War. Favoring recognition of the Confederacy, he details here the hardships that he suffered because of his political opinions, and the Administration's abandonment of the First Amendment. He insists that he grounds his dissenting views solely on principle rather than kinship or emotional ties to the Confederacy. He advocates action by "the great Middle States" to end the War on terms of compromise. If the North is successful, the Nation will become "a centralized domination with all the heresies of the day engrafted." Reed publishes correspondence with former Supreme Court Justice Campbell confirming that Seward had told Campbell, a Confederate Commissioner sent to negotiate for federal forts, that Union troops would evacuate Fort Sumter. FIRST EDITION. Bartlett 4044. Sabin 68617. Not in LCP or Monaghan.

Price: $150.00
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[New York Elections of 1832]:
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN NOMINATIONS. FOR GOVERNOR, FRANCIS GRANGER. FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR, SAMUEL STEVENS. AND THE ELECTORAL TICKET HEADED BY JAMES KENT AND JOHN C. SPENCER. FOR MEMBERS OF ASSEMBLY, PHINEAS CATLIN AND EPHRAIM LEACH. TIOGA COUNTY CONVENTION. AT A DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN COUNTY CONVENTION, HELD AT THE HOUSE OF HENRY MILLER, IN THE TOWN OF SPENCER, ON THE 5TH DAY OF OCTOBER, 1832, OPPOSED TO THE NATIONAL AND STATE ADMINISTRATIONS...
Folio broadside, 15-1/4" x 22". A variety of type fonts and sizes. Old folds [couple of letters affected], light spotting, couple of chips in blank portions and one affecting a portion of a letter. Good+. A rare, evidently unrecorded broadside of an anti-Jackson Convention in Tioga County on October 5, 1832. The assembly selected its slate for Governor and underticket. Chancellor Kent was one of the electors. The Convention's Address, signed in type at the end by David Lee, President; Anson Higbie, V. President; William R. Smith and Nehemiah Platt, Secretaries, warns, "At no period since the revolution has this mighty Republic been exposed to the dangers which now threaten its destruction." President Jackson has "trampled under foot almost every principle which guided the immortal Washington and Jefferson." The Convention's indictment consists of ten charges against Jackson, demonstrating his disregard of constitutional checks and balances, and conduct in violation of his own promises made during his 1828 campaign. Jackson is "guilty of conduct so hostile to the honor and interest of our country" that the people should repudiate him at the polls. Not located on OCLC or the web sites of AAS, NYPL, NYHS as of May 2017.

Price: $650.00
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[Communist Party]:
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES OCTOBER TERM 1944. HARRY BRIDGES, PETITIONER, VS. I.F. WIXON, AS DISTRICT DIRECTOR, IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. PETITION FOR WRIT OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT. IN THE MATTER OF THE APPLICATION OF THE COMMUNIST POLITICAL ASSOCIATION, BY EARL BROWDER, ITS PRESIDENT, AND WILLIAM Z. FOSTER, ITS VICE-PRESIDENT, FOR LEAVE TO INTERVENE. NOTICE OF MOTION AND MOTION FOR ORDER GRANTING LEAVE TO INTERVENE, PETITION, AND BRIEF IN SUPPORT OF MOTION. JOSEPH R. BRODSKY, ATTORNEY FOR APPLICANT, COMMUNIST POLITICAL ASSOCIATION.
The Hecla Press, [New York:, 1944]
v, [1 blank], 101, [1 blank] pp. Original staples and printed wrappers with wrapper title, as issued. Rear blank wrapper with a couple of shallow chips. Some underlining. Very Good. The Communist Party, having renamed itself the 'Communist Political Association' to emphasize its purely "political educational purposes," seeks to intervene in deportation proceedings against Harry Bridges. Bridges was the head of the International Longshoremen's Union, officially the Marine Workers' Industrial Union. A Communist born in Australia, he was considered a threat to American national security during wartime. For several years the government sought to deport him. Although juries found against him, the Supreme Court ultimately would rule in his favor. To assist Bridges, the Communist Political Association stresses its devotion to a united front for the purpose of "winning the war and securing a durable peace," thus renouncing "partisan advancement and the party form of organization." Its traditions are simply "the traditions of the labor movement," and a recognition of "the complete compatibility of the principles of Marxism with the most urgent needs of the nation as a whole." The Association opposes "forcible establishment of socialism against the will of the people." It lists 158 numbered paragraphs in support of its benign, sanitized intentions and its entitlement to intervene. Brodsky, the Association's lawyer, had defended the Scottsboro Boys and other unpopular defendants and organizations.

Price: $250.00
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[Cookery] St. Louis Stamping Company:
THE GRANITE IRON WARE COOK BOOK. ST. LOUIS STAMPING CO., ST. LOUIS, MO.
Donaldson Bros., [New York:, 1878]
12mo. 64pp. Original staples and chromolithograph pictorial wrappers [Young woman, a cow, a bucket with the St. Louis Stamping Co. logo, rustic scene on front wrap; boy and girl on the rear wrap in a comedic scene]. About Fine. Stamped on rear wrapper: 'Compliments C.J. Rumsey & Co., Wholesale and Retail Hardware, Ithaca, N.Y.' [offered with] ANOTHER COPY, with different chromolithograph pictorial wrappers, the front wrapper depicting a woman in the kitchen with her granite iron wares, the rear wrapper illustrating a boy fishing off a pier. Stamped on rear wrapper: 'Compliments of Barr Bros., Hardware and House Furnishing Goods, Ithaca, N.Y.' Testimonials [including one from Professor Silliman at Yale] dated 1877 and 1878, many photo illustrations of granite iron kitchen goods, numerous recipes. Romaine 218 [later printing].

Price: $175.00
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National Committee to Secure Justice in Rosenberg Case:
TRANSCRIPT OF RECORD. SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES OCTOBER TERM, 1951. NO. 111 JULIUS ROSENBERG AND ETHEL ROSENBERG, PETITIONERS, VS. THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. NO. 112 MORTON SOBELL, PETITIONER, VS. THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. PETITIONS FOR WRIT OF CERTIORARI AND EXHIBIT THERETO. FILED JUNE 7, 1952.
National Committee to Secure Justice in the Rosenberg Case, New York:, [1952]
Eight volumes, bound in original printed title wrappers. 1715, [3 Index] pp. Each page printed in two columns, each column numbered as a page. Oblong 8vo, 7-1/4" x 5-1/4". Stapled as issued, Near Fine. Housed in original box [light to moderate wear], with ink-written title on box spine. More than sixty years after they were executed for espionage, even after the opening of the USSR's secret Venona files, the guilt or innocence of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg remains a subject of controversy. A National Committee to Reopen the Rosenberg Case, the successor to the National Committee to Secure Justice to the Rosenbergs, is active to this day. The trial, like that of their contemporary Alger Hiss, was enveloped by early years of the Cold War. Added to the mix was the fact that the Rosenbergs were Jewish, as were their prosecutors [Irving Saypol and Roy Cohn] and the trial judge [Irving Kaufman]. There is little doubt that significant prejudicial conduct occurred at trial, including ex parte meetings with the trial judge and the introduction of inflammatory evidence which had little probative value. The National Committee published this Record "confident that the dispassionate reader will perceive the gross miscarriage of justice that cries out for redress." The Committee claims that David and Ruth Greenglass, the government's "main witnesses", were themselves spies whose testimony was tainted by their desire to avoid the death penalty. There was no documentary evidence of the Rosenbergs' guilt. Indeed, the prosecution whipped the jury into an anti-Communist frenzy; and the sentence of death was "barbaric."

Price: $750.00
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Crane, John:
AN ORATION. DELIVERED AT DOUGLASS, MONDAY, JULY 5TH, 1802. THE DAY ASSIGNED FOR CELEBRATING THE ANNIVERSARY OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE.
Daniel Greenleaf, Worcester, Massachusetts:, July 16th, 1802
23, [1 blank] pp. Disbound, with the illustrated half title. Light foxing, Very Good. Of particular interest is the unusual half title, a full-page engraved vignette of a young man, arm extended, beholding a virgin land. John Crane [1756-1836] was minister at Northbridge in Worcester County. His Oration warns against demagoguery and the pernicious influence of the French Revolution. Crane reminds his audience that the only form of government "which is consonant with reason and divine revelation" is republican government. Only republican governments maintain "an equal and exact balance between tyranny and anarchy." In foreign affairs he upholds Washington's principle of neutrality; he urges the elevation of civic virtue over party spirit, and recalls the great sacrifices made by the men of the Revolutionary Generation. AI 2097 [3]. Nichols 435.

Price: $375.00
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Fisher, Nathaniel:
A SERMON: DELIVERED AT SALEM, JANUARY 14, 1796, OCCASIONED BY THE EXECUTION OF HENRY BLACKBURN, ON THAT DAY, FOR THE MURDER OF GEORGE WILKINSON.
Printed by S. Hall, in Boston, for J. Dabney, in Salem, Boston:, 1796
21, [3 blanks] pp. Stitched, with the half title. Untrimmed, minor dusting to the half title, Near Fine. Fisher makes Blackburn an example, for the edification of the crowd, of the "usual and just effects of a wicked and profligate life." Even if Blackburn did not intend to kill Wilkinson, as Blackburn claimed, Fisher responds that "Life is too sacred a gift to be sported with; and the weapons of death are not to be used lightly and wantonly." The law's purpose, he says, "in ordering him to suffer, in this public and ignominious manner, is to alarm and deter others-- lest they should come into the same condemnation." The contemporary Diary of William Bentley recorded this ritualistic event as follows: "This day Henry Blackburn was executed upon the Neck for the Murder of George Wilkinson. He was cloathed in a white frock, & was conducted to Church at 11 A.M. & at two conducted to the Gallows by a guard of the Militia. He behaved, from some cause or other, with his usual insensibility, but not with indecency. The Rope broke, but he was senseless. He was soon hoisted again. From indispensable necessity, began the use of WINE with my food, not having heretofore used it through life." [Diary of William Bentley, January 1795, Page 170]. Evans 30424 [Shipton & Mooney have corrected Evans's collation]. Not in McDade.

Price: $750.00
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Bunyan, John:
THE JERUSALEM SINNER SAVED; OR, GOOD NEWS TO THE VILEST OF MEN: BEING AN HELP FOR DESPAIRING SOULS: SHEWING, THAT JESUS CHRIST WOULD HAVE MERCY IN THE FIRST PLACE OFFERED TO THE BIGGEST SINNERS.
Samuel Preston, Amherst [NH]:, 1798
16mo. iv, [1], 6-176 pp [as issued]. Contemporary calf. Contemporary ownership inscription of Andrew Dodge. Minor wear, Very Good. First published at London in 1688 under the title, 'Good News for the Vilest of Men.' This is the second American printing. The first American edition issued from Boston in 1733. Evans 33474.

Price: $350.00
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[Hiss, Alger]:
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, APPELLEE, AGAINST ALGER HISS, APPELLANT. BRIEF FOR APPELLANT.
The Hecla Press, [New York:, 1950]
Original staples and original printed wrappers with wrapper title, as issued. v, [1 blank], 125, [1 blank] pp. Wraps with some light wear, text clean. Very Good. The Hiss case was among the most politically divisive events of the Cold War. Hiss was not charged with espionage; the jury found that he lied under oath about his Communist past, and convicted him of perjury. Proclaiming his innocence until his dying day, Hiss was a pillar of the American establishment, a former law clerk to Oliver Wendell Holmes, a trusted confidante of Dean Acheson, and one of the organizers of the United Nations. He lived long enough to be abandoned by most of his erstwhile defenders as disturbing evidence came to light over the years, particularly the release of the Soviet Union's Venona files. This brief on appeal by Hiss's lawyers is a comprehensive review of the evidence which, Hiss claims, was insufficient to convict him. The clash of Hiss and his principal accuser, Whitaker Chambers, was explosive stuff of the highest courtroom drama. Hiss's lawyers-- Robert Benjamin, Harold Rosenwald, Chester Lane, and Kenneth Simon-- made a valiant but unsuccessful effort to overturn his conviction.

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Republican Central Corresponding Committee of Clinton County:
REPUBLICAN NOMINATIONS. FOR SENATOR, JOHN M'LEAN. FOR ASSEMBLY, C. HALSEY. FOR SHERIFF, S. BURDICK, JR. FOR CORONERS, AHAZ HAYES, OF PERU. LYMAN MANLEY, OF SARANAC. SAMUEL COUCH, PLATTSBURGH, ELIJAH RANSOM. CHAZY.
Elephant folio broadside, quite attractive on bright yellow paper. 19-1/2" x 25". Ornamental border at top and bottom. An Address "To the Republican Electors of Clinton County" is printed beneath the title in six columns, dated and signed in type at the end: "October 13, 1837; St. John B.L. Skinner, Wm. F. Haile, Geo. M. Beckwith, Lemuel Stetson, E.A. Scott, Republican Central Corresponding Committee of Clinton County." Expertly reinforced horizontally on verso. Very Good. Clinton County is the most northeastern county in New York; it borders Lake Champlain. The county seat is Plattsburgh. The listed candidates were running for office in upcoming State and local elections. The Address rejoices in native son Martin Van Buren's accession to the presidency, the triumph of Jacksonian banking policies, and the people's repudiation of the National Bank-- "the partizan conduct of the bank, its unconstitutionality, and the impolicy of continuing an institution, that governed principally by a money making spirit." Not located on OCLC or the AAS online site as of May 2017.

Price: $850.00
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Scott, Winfield:
AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED, TO UNITED STATES SENATOR JAMES SHIELDS [ADDRESSED HERE AS 'MY DEAR GENERAL'], DECEMBER 8, 1853, FROM NEW YORK, SEEKING SHIELDS' SUPPORT FOR SCOTT'S PROMOTION TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL.
[4]pp. Single sheet folded to 5" x 8". Manuscript on three pages; addressed to 'Hon. Genl. Shields'. Light folds, a few fox marks, Very Good. Shields, a Democratic Senator from Illinois, had quarreled with Abraham Lincoln in 1842. They scheduled a duel which, fortunately, their seconds were able to abort. During the Mexican War Shields was commissioned a Brigadier General, which accounts for Scott's flattering salutation. A perennially ambitious political general, Scott had just finished running for President on the Whig ticket. "Inept and pompous" [Potter, The Impending Crisis page 142], he lost to Franklin Pierce in a landslide. Scott had first sought the presidency for the 1840 election and, according to DAB, "as late as 1860 he retained some hope of being sent to the White House." The first paragraph of his letter expresses "keen regret" at the "recent defeat of our friend Clemens." Jeremiah Clemens had been a Democratic U.S. Senator from Alabama; he lost his 1852 race to Clement Clay. "His absence from the Senate is certainly a personal loss to me, but a much greater loss to the country." Then Scott gets down to business: "I know not that you may be inclined to trouble yourself, a fourth time, with the question of the LIEUTENANT GENERALCY, but if a Bill, providing for the rank can be again carried in the Senate, at an early day, I think it may be got thro' the House (where we have had, from the beginning, a MAJORITY-) by July next, & if needed, it is believed, a good word from the President would be thrown in to prevent the sleep of death on the Speaker's table. "If you should be kind enough again to shoulder the burden, may I beg you to adopt the form [herewith enclosed] of the Joint Resolution as amended, Feb. 4. 1852, by my friend, Dr. Gwin-- with, or without the PROVISO, [of the day before] proposed by Genl Cass? In respect to the PROVISO, altho' kindly intended, I am quite indifferent; but I entreat our Michigan friend to allow the word REVIVED, in the 4th line, to stand, & not substitute for it, CREATED, as you consented to do, a year ago: 1. Because Genl. Cass is mistaken in supposing the Father of his country ever actually held the rank of lieutenant general; for he only prospectively agreed to accept it; 2. Because if he, modestly, took upon himself the inferior rank, Congress considered it a degradation, & promptly removed the indignity; 3. Because the commission that was universally considered as beneath him may be aspired to, without arrogance, by much smaller men; & 4. Because, without reviving [instead of CREATING the rank, anew] the Joint Resolution would not give to the brevet lieutenant general, under the circumstances any additional pay or allowance. This result, I am sure, cannot be desired by Genl. C. Do, therefore, I pray you, induce the general to give up his hasty objection to the word REVIVED." Scott signs the letter, "With ancient regards I remain, always yrs Winfield Scott." [capital letters substituted for the original underlines.] On December 21, 1853, Senate Joint Resolution 4 authorized the President to confer the rank of Lieutenant General by Brevet, for eminent service. The Resolution passed the Senate on February 12, 1855. President Pierce's Message to the Senate on February 28, 1855 nominated Scott to the rank of Lieutenant General retroactive to March 29, 1847, the date of his victory at Veracruz. The Senate immediately and unanimously approved the nomination; Scott quickly submitted a claim for almost $27,000 in back pay, retroactive to the effective date of his rank. His claim was approved, but only for slightly more than. [CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE, 33RD CONG., 2ND SESS., pages 690-691, 706; JOURNAL OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, VOLUME 46, Washington: 1854, Page 420; Peskin: WINFIELD SCOTT AND THE PROFESSION OF ARMS, 2003, p. 221; Lowe: FIVE YEARS A DRAGOON ('49 TO '54)... 1965, p.xix.]

Price: $2,500.00
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[Lincoln, Abraham] Daggett, E.A.:
THE WIDE-AWAKE VOCALIST; OR, RAIL SPLITTERS' SONG BOOK. WORDS AND MUSIC FOR THE REPUBLICAN CAMPAIGN OF 1860. EMBRACING A GREAT VARIETY OF SONGS, SOLOS, DUETS, AND CHORUSES. ARRANGED FOR PIANO OR MELODEON. THE BEST COLLECTION OF WORDS AND MUSIC EVER PUBLISHED FOR A CAMPAIGN. EVERY CLUB AND FAMILY SHOULD HAVE COPIES, SO AS TO JOIN IN THE CHORUSES. THE LADIES ARE INVITED TO JOIN IN THE CHORUSES AT THE MEETINGS.
Published by E. A. Daggett. 333 Broadway, New York:, [1860]
Original printed wrappers [moderately foxed, light extremity wear] with wrapper title, as issued. 64pp, oblong. Stitched. Text lightly foxed, corners rounded. Else Very Good. The "Wide Awakes," Lincoln supporters, were known for their torchlight marches, wearing black capes and soldiers' hats. Because rail-splitting had been one of the young Lincoln's occupations, it became a popular symbol of his humble origins. This content-rich political songster was sold for a dime each to Wide-Awakes and other Republican supporters. The Index on the front wrapper's verso lists 62 songs to rally anti-slavery men for Lincoln's first presidential campaign. Most songs are scored for four voices; a few are solos; and music is included for many. Extra verse are provided in nearly all cases. Titles include "Get out de Way, You Little Giant," "High Old Abe Shall Win," "O Poor Douglas" (sung to the tune of "O Susanna"); "Was ist des Deutschen Vaterland" [for the necessary support of German-American voters]. "The March of the Free" is attributed to Horace Greeley, "Seventy-Six" to William Cullen Bryant, and "Up for the Conflict" to John Greenleaf Whittier. Also, "Honest Abe of the West," "Lincoln and Hamlin the True," "We are coming to this Presidential War," "The Candidate With a Cork Leg," "The People Had Five Candidates," "Shout for the Prairie King," "Roll On the Republican Ball," "The Baltimore Convention," "Republicans: the Nation Calls You!," "We Will Vote for Old Abe Lincoln." Monaghan 91. Nicolay Bibliography 1050.

Price: $2,500.00
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Alien & Sedition Act:
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE TO WHOM WERE REFERRED, ON THE 12TH INSTANT, CERTAIN MEMORIALS & PETITIONS COMPLAINING OF THE ACT, INTITULED "AN ACT CONCERNING ALIENS," AND OF OTHER LATE ACTS OF THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES. 21ST FEBRUARY, 1799. COMMITTED TO A COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE, ON MONDAY NEXT. [PUBLISHED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES].
15, [1 blank] pp. Untrimmed, stitched, light soil and fox. Good+. Sabin attributes authorship to Chauncey Goodrich, stalwart Connecticut Federalist and brother-in-law of Oliver Wolcott. This House Report rejects criticism of the Alien & Sedition Act, despite claims of its unconstitutional limitation on free speech and the absence of Congressional power to remove aliens. The Report illustrates the rather cramped interpretation of the First Amendment by some early American statesmen. The Committee concludes that the First Amendment guarantees only the right to publish without prior governmental restraint. Freedom of the press "consists in permission to publish, without previous restraint upon the press, but subject to punishment afterwards for improper publication." Moreover, liberty of the press has never prohibited government from inflicting "punishment on wicked and malicious publications." FIRST EDITION. Evans 36581. Sabin 69843. Not in Cohen.

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Cunard Line:
CUNARD LINE ROYAL MAIL STEAMERS. NEW YORK & BOSTON TO LIVERPOOL. TELEGRAPHIC ADDRESS "CUNARD". SAILINGS ON SATURDAYS & TUESDAYS. CALLING AT QUEENSTOWN. ALSO REGULAR SAILINGS FROM LIVERPOOL TO HAVRE, ITALY THE ADRIATIC AND LEVANT.
Multi-colored broadside, matted and framed. Illustrated with the American and British flags; a uniformed, white-bearded Captain in the foreground, surrounded by a life preserver. A section for rectangular label listing the name and address of the Agent is missing. Light toning, Good+. The broadside lists the Line's offices: New York, Boston, Chicago, Liverpool, Glasgow, London, Glasgow, Manchester, Queenstown, Paris, Havre.

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Douglas, Stephen A.:
AUTOGRAPH LETTER, SIGNED, DATED WASHINGTON, JULY 8TH, 1852, TO JOHN WOODS, A FORMER OHIO CONGRESSMAN AND NOW PRESIDENT OF THE CINCINNATI, HAMILTON, AND INDIANAPOLIS RAILROAD, RESPONDING TO WOODS'S PROPOSED RAILROAD LINKING CHICAGO AND CINCINNATI. "ACCEPT MY THANKS FOR THE REPORT OF THE NEW CASTLE & RICHMOND RAIL ROAD, WITH THE ACCOMPANYING MAP OF THE RAIL ROADS NORTH WEST OF THE OHIO RIVER. I TAKE GREAT INTEREST IN YOUR ROAD AS A LINK IN THE CHAIN WHICH IS TO CONNECT CINCINNATI WITH CHICAGO. THAT THE WHOLE CHAIN WILL SOON BE COMPLETED I CANNOT DOUBT, AND THAT IT WILL [--] ADMIRABLY WHEN COMPLETED CANNOT BE DOUBTED BY ANY ONE FAMILIAR WITH THE COUNTRY THROUGH WHICH IT PASSES. I TAKE THAT CONGRESS WILL NOT HESITATE TO GIVE YOU A GRANT OF LAND IN AID OF THIS WORK EQUAL TO THE ONE MADE TO ILLINOIS FOR THE CHICAGO AND MOBILE ROAD. BUT THE ROAD MUST BE MADE AND THE STOCK WILL BE A GOOD INVESTMENT, WHETHER THE GRANT OF LAND IS MADE OR NOT. CINCINNATI & CHICAGO ARE DESTINED TO BE THE GREAT CITIES OF THE NORTH WEST AND MUST BE CONNECTED BY RAIL RAIL [sic] ROAD. I WOULD NOT DESIRE ANY BETTER INVESTMENT THAN THE STOCK OF THIS ROAD, AND I DO NOT HESITATE TO ASSURE YOU THAT WHATEVER I CAN DO TO PROMOTE ITS SUCCESS EITHER IN CONGRESS OR ELSEWHERE WILL BE CHEERFULLY DONE. "I HAVE THE HONOR TO BE VERY TRULY YOUR OBEDIENT SERVANT, S.A.DOUGLAS"
Folio sheet, folded to 7-3/4" x 9-3/4". Manuscript text on first 1-1/2 pages, docketed on last page. Old horizontal folds, Very Good. [offered with] RETAINED COPY OF LETTER FROM WOODS TO DOUGLAS, ALSO DATED WASHINGTON JULY 8, 1852: "WE TAKE THE LIBERTY TO CALL YOUR ATTENTION TO THE RAIL ROAD WHICH IS IN PROCESS OF CONSTRUCTION UPON THE MOST DIRECT LINE FROM CINCINNATI TO CHICAGO. FIFTY TWO MILES OF THIS ROAD ARE COMPLETED AND IN OPERATION, AND TWENTY EIGHT MILES MORE WILL BE FINISHED BEFORE THE FIRST OF DECEMBER NEXT, MAKING THE WHOLE DISTANCE FROM CINCINNATI WHICH WILL BE FINISHED ABOUT 80 MILES. THE BALANCE OF THE ROAD TO LOGANSPORT IS UNDER CONTRACT AND WILL BE COMPLETED IN 1853. THE WAY FROM LOGANSPORT TO THE WEST LINE OF INDIANA BEING ABOUT 100 MILES IS NOT YET UNDER CONTRACT, BUT A COMPANY IS ORGANIZED AND A PART OF THE STOCK SUBSCRIBED AND IT IS THE INTENTION OF THE COMPANY TO COMMENCE THE WORK AT AN EARLY DAY. "IF FURTHER APPROPRIATIONS OF MONEY SHALL BE MADE TO AID ANY OF OUR WESTERN RAIL ROADS WE DEEM THIS ROAD EMINENTLY ENTITLED TO AID AS THE CONNECTING ROUTE BETWEEN THE TWO GREAT MANUFACTURING AND COMMERCIAL CITIES OF THE WEST. "AS YOU ARE WELL ACQUAINTED WITH THE CHARACTER OF THE COUNTRY THROUGH WHICH THIS ROAD PASSES AND WITH THE INTERESTS AND PROSPECTS OF THE CITIES WHICH IT WILL UNITE WE TRUST THAT IT WILL RECEIVE YOUR EFFICIENT AID. "VERY RESPECTFULLY, YOUR OBT. SERVT." Folio sheet folded to 7-3/4" x 9-3/4", on blue paper. Manuscript text on first 1-1/2 pages, docketed on last page. Old horizontal folds, Very Good. United States Senator from Illinois, Douglas was ideologically, emotionally, and financially committed to the development of Chicago as the commercial center of an American empire extending to the west coast. All other political questions-- including that of Slavery-- were subordinated. Chairman of the Committee on Territories, he sought a railroad route to the Pacific, with Chicago as the hub: railroads to and from Chicago would create that Illinois outpost as the most important City in the Nation. "Personally, he had invested heavily in real estate at Chicago and at Superior City, Michigan" [Potter, The Impending Crisis, page 152 [Harper & Row: 1976]. Woods, former Democratic Congressman and a railroad man, was obviously well-acquainted with Douglas and his priorities. This exchange of letters, written on the same day, expresses Douglas's overriding attachment to public investment in railroad construction, particularly through Chicago. It would lead him, in an effort to develop a transcontinental railroad, to sponsor the fateful Kansas-Nebraska Act, whose passage would repeal the 1820 Missouri Compromise, which had kept an uneasy peace between the Sections for thirty years.

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United States, Third Congress:
JOURNAL OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, BEING THE SECOND SESSION OF THE THIRD CONGRESS, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, NOVEMBER 3, 1794.
John Fenno, Philadelphia:, 1794
Folio. 114, [12] pp. Original marbled boards, rebacked and recornered. New endpapers. Scattered mild foxing. Very Good. The challenge of this Session was the Whisky Rebellion. President Washington's Message opening the Session recounts the attacks upon federal officers, including the kidnapping of a federal marshal. Concluding that the normal judicial process was inadequate to the task of suppressing the rebellion, the President called out the militia. His careful, measured response is delineated here. The Session devotes much attention to matters affecting the militia. Issues involving Creek Indian lands within the State of Georgia are also considered. Evans 29724.

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Fremont, John Charles:
REPORT OF THE EXPLORING EXPEDITION TO THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS IN THE YEAR 1842, AND TO OREGON AND NORTH CALIFORNIA IN THE YEARS 1843-'44. BY BREVET CAPTAIN J.C. FREMONT, OF THE TOPOGRAPHICAL ENGINEERS, UNDER THE ORDERS OF COL. J.J. ABERT, CHIEF OF THE TOPOGRAPHICAL BUREAU. PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Blair and Rives, Printers, Washington:, 1845
28th Cong., 2d Sess. HD166. 583, [1 blank] pp, plus 22 plates and five maps, as issued. Original publisher's cloth [minor wear, front joint starting], a few short separations at folds of large map. Else Very Good. "The most spectacular reconnaissance of the West since Lewis and Clark and the catalyst which changed the entire picture of Western geography and set a generation of pioneers and gold-seekers on the trek westward" [Jenkins]. The "magnificent" folding map and report "changed the entire picture of the West and made a lasting contribution to cartography" [Wheat, pp 194-195]. This is the House report, issued in the same year as the Senate report, and possibly preceding it. "Contains his first and second expeditions" [Howes]. Wagner-Camp 115.2. Howes F370. Streeter Sale 3131. Jenkins Full Howes 924. Wheat Transmississippi West 497. Field 565.

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[Maine]:
TO THE PATRIOTIC CITIZEN SOLDIERY OF MAINE:..
Broadside, 24" x 8-3/4". Old horizontal folds, minor wear. Docketed in ink on verso. Very Good. The Address is preceded at the top by five Messages and General Orders from the Governor and the Adjutant General, dated July 4, 5, 7 [two orders], and 8, 1862, with the seal of the State of Maine on each. They urge enlistment in the Union cause to meet "the exigency of the public service." The Address recites relevant portions of Maine's Militia Laws, rendering men "liable to military duty," and warns, "You must be drafted or detached, if you will not enlist." As an enticement to enlist, a cash bounty will be paid, "no part of which can be received by detached or drafted men." Difficulties in securing troops at the Nation's hour of maximum need are suggested by Governor Washburn's July 7 Message: "large numbers of soldiers are absent from their Regiments, some on furlough and some on sick leave, who are now able to return to the Regiments where they are needed for the service of their country." Not located on OCLC as of April 2017, or at the online sites of AAS, Harvard, or the University of Maine.

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Stiles, William H.:
STUDY, THE ONLY SURE MEANS OF ULTIMATE SUCCESS. AN ADDRESS DELIVERED BEFORE THE THALIAN AND PHI DELTA SOCIETIES OF OGLETHORPE UNIVERSITY, GEORGIA, AT THE ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT, JULY 19TH, 1854.
Southern Recorder Office, Milledgeville:, 1854
36pp. Disbound, light scattered foxing, unobtrusive withdrawal stamps from the Beinecke on blank verso of title page and blank portion of last page. Good+. "The highest attainments of the intellect are immediately the result of the deepest study," not innate genius. "The necessity for labor" is the sine qua non of a free Republic. Stiles, a Savannah resident, had been a U.S. Congressman, and would later serve as a Colonel in the Confederate Army. De Renne 568. OCLC records eleven locations under several accession numbers as of April 2017.

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[Fisher, William Logan]:
AN EXAMINATION OF THE NEW SYSTEM OF SOCIETY, BY ROBERT OWEN, SHOWING ITS INSUFFICIENCY TO REFORM MANKIND. WITH OBSERVATIONS ON THE OPERATION OF THE PRINCIPLE OF VIRTUE IN THE MIND OF MAN.
Published by John Mortimer... Jesper Harding, Printer, Philadelphia:, 1826
x, [11]-86 pp. Several light institutional rubberstamps, lightly worn. Bound in attractive, modern marbled boards and quarter calf, gilt-lettered red morocco spine label. Good+. Fisher [1781-1862] was a Philadelphia Quaker, philosopher, and entrepreneur: he owned one of the area's first woolen mills, and operated the Duncannon Iron Works. An avid reformer, he opposed establishment of the Sabbath in Pennsylvania's laws. "Fisher's aversion to coercion extended beyond the religious sphere as well, and in 1826 he wrote a respectful but forceful critique of Robert Owen's new system of social reform [this offering]. Doubting Owen's Lockean assumption that mankind has no moral virtue other than what was inculcated through education, Fisher also regarded the 're-modification of self-interest' at the heart of Owenism to be far too sanguine about the perfectibility of man. Pointing out significant instances of general moral virtue among the Native Americans and black slaves, who had no rationalized system of moral influence at their disposal, Fisher maintained the Quaker view that moral rectitude is available to all through consultation with their divine individual conscience. This view aligned him with the more liberal views of the Quaker Elias Hicks" [Dictionary of Early American Philosophers]. AI 24538. Not in Sabin, Eberstadt, Larned.

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Miller, A.E.:
MILLER'S PLANTERS' & MERCHANTS' ALMANAC, FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1852...CALCULATED BY DAVID YOUNG, FOR THE STATES OF CAROLINA & GEORGIA... ALSO, THE FASTS & FESTIVALS, OBSERVED BY THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE U. STATES OF AMERICA, AND THOSE OBSERVED BY THE ISRAELITES; TO WHICH IS ANNEXED. A LIST OF THE CHIEF OFFICERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, AND OF THE STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA, CITY OF CHARLESTON, &C. WITH THE TIMES OF HOLDING COURTS; AND MUCH OTHER GENERAL INFORMATION; WITH A GARDENER'S CALENDAR, (CONDENSED) FOR EACH MONTH, AT THE HEAD OF THE PAGE, &C. &C. &C.
Printed by A.E. Miller, Charleston, S.C.:, [1850]
[48] pp, as issued. Disbound. 'Third Edition' at head of title. Title page lightly spotted. Very Good. The Almanac includes a "Calendar of Fasts, Festivals, and other days, Observed by the Israelites. For the Year 5612-13"; information on the militia, Police of the City of Charleston, the Custom House, Pilots, South Carolina College, Free Schools, Medical Societies and Colleges, Banks, Insurance Companies, the Post Office, South Carolina Railroad, rates of freight on railroads, a population census of each County [with columns for slaves and "Free Colored"], and the items promised by the title. Not in Turnbull, Singerman or Rosenbach.

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Lee, Henry:
A FUNERAL ORATION, ON THE DEATH OF GENERAL WASHINGTON. DELIVERED IN PHILADELPHIA, AT THE REQUEST OF CONGRESS. BY MAJOR GENERAL HENRY LEE, MEMBER OF CONGRESS FROM VIRGINIA. ORNAMENTED WITH AN ELEGANT ENGRAVING.
Printed by John Hoff, Cherry-Street; and Sold by the Principal Booksellers in this and the Neighbouring States, Philadelphia:, 1800
4to, in original plain drab wrappers. Paper title pasted to front wrapper. Side-stitched, 20pp. Engraving frontis, with original tissue guard, by Trenchard & Weston: "Sacred to the Memory of General George Washington..." Lee's famous words are affixed to the base of the Monument: "First in War, first in Peace, & first in the hearts of his Countrymen." Front blank free endpaper torn away, scattered foxing to the early leaves and wrappers, bit of blank edge wear. Good+. "Following Washington's death on December 14, 1799, the Sixth Congress commissioned Lee, his brother in arms, to write a moving eulogy. Congress was unanimous in choosing Lee for the task, believing he was best suited to express 'those sentiments of respect for the character, of the gratitude for the service, and of grief for the death of that illustrious personage'." [online Digital Encyclopedia of George Washington, mountvernon.org]. Church 1290 [this edition]. Stillwell 133. Evans 37806.

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Miller, A.E.:
MILLER'S PLANTERS' & MERCHANTS' ALMANAC, FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1844...CALCULATED BY DAVID YOUNG, FOR THE STATES OF CAROLINA & GEORGIA... ALSO, THE FASTS & FESTIVALS, OBSERVED BY THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE U. STATES OF AMERICA, AND THOSE OBSERVED BY THE ISRAELITES; TO WHICH IS ANNEXED. A LIST OF THE CHIEF OFFICERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, AND OF THE STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA, CITY OF CHARLESTON, &C. WITH THE TIMES OF HOLDING COURTS; AND MUCH OTHER GENERAL INFORMATION; WITH A GARDENER'S CALENDAR, PREPARED FOR THIS ALMANAC SOME YEARS AGO.
Published and Sold, Wholesale & Retail, by A.E. Miller, Charleston, S.C.:, [1843]
[48] pp, as issued. Disbound. 'Third Edition' at head of title. Some browning of text, Good+. . The Almanac includes a "Calendar of Fasts, Festivals, and other days, Observed by the Israelites. For the Year 5604"; information on the militia, Police of the City of Charleston, the Custom House, Pilots, South Carolina College, Free Schools, Medical Societies and Colleges, Banks, Insurance Companies, the Post Office, South Carolina Railroad, rates of freight on railroads, and the items promised by the title. Drake 13345. II Turnbull 484 records the first edition. Not in Singerman or Rosenbach.

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Miller, A.E.:
MILLER'S PLANTERS' & MERCHANTS' ALMANAC, FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1848...CALCULATED BY DAVID YOUNG, FOR THE STATES OF CAROLINA & GEORGIA... ALSO, THE FASTS & FESTIVALS, OBSERVED BY THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE U. STATES OF AMERICA, AND THOSE OBSERVED BY THE ISRAELITES; TO WHICH IS ANNEXED. A LIST OF THE CHIEF OFFICERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, AND OF THE STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA, CITY OF CHARLESTON, &C. WITH THE TIMES OF HOLDING COURTS; AND MUCH OTHER GENERAL INFORMATION; WITH A GARDENER'S CALENDAR, (CONDENSED) FOR EACH MONTH, AT THE HEAD OF THE PAGE.
Published and Sold, Wholesale & Retail, by A.E. Miller, Charleston, S.C.:, [1847]
[48] pp, as issued. Disbound. 'Third Edition' at head of title. Some browning of text, Good+. . The Almanac includes a "Calendar of Fasts, Festivals, and other days, Observed by the Israelites. For the Year 5608"; information on the militia, Police of the City of Charleston, the Custom House, Pilots, South Carolina College, Free Schools, Medical Societies and Colleges, Banks, Insurance Companies, the Post Office, South Carolina Railroad, rates of freight on railroads, and the items promised by the title. Drake 13362. Not in Turnbull, Singerman, or Rosenbach.

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[Chandler, Thomas Bradbury]:
THE AMERICAN QUERIST: OR, SOME QUESTIONS PROPOSED RELATIVE TO THE PRESENT DISPUTES BETWEEN GREAT BRITAIN, AND HER AMERICAN COLONIES. BY A NORTH-AMERICAN. WE ARE NOT TO THINK EVERY CLAMOROUS HARANGUER, OR EVERY SPLENETIC REPINER AGAINST A COURT, IS THEREFORE A PATRIOT. BISHOP BERKLEY.
Printed by James Rivington, New-York:, 1774
[2], 31, [1 blank] pp. Lacking the half title, else Very Good in modern cloth with printed paper spine label, James Copley bookplate on the front pastedown. Chandler's anonymously written pamphlet kindled the anger of American Patriots. At the base of the title page Rivington has printed: "This pamphlet, on the eighth day of September last, was, in full conclave of the Sons of Liberty in New-York, committed to the flames by the hands of their common executioner; as it contains some queries they cannot, and others they will not answer!" The pamphlet is styled "Tenth Edition" on the title page; but, according to Adams, it is the second edition, as well as the first to identify Rivington as the printer, and the first to print the interesting note at the base of the title page. Chandler, Connecticut-born Episcopal priest and Yale graduate, was devoted to the interests of the Church of England in the American Colonies. Proof that politics follows religion, he bitterly attacked the Continental Congress and America's growing revolutionary inclinations in the 'American Querist.' He would cast his lot with England, emigrating in May 1775. "Although he had advised the repeal of the Stamp Act, he was as ardent a Loyalist as churchman, and the events of the next few years moved him to vigorous protest against the drift toward revolution... The occurrences of April 1775 were too much for his Loyalist fervor, and he departed for England the following month" [DAB]. What Chandler "and other articulate defenders of the status quo saw as the final threat was not so much the replacement of one set of rulers by another as the triumph of ideas and attitudes incompatible with the stability of any standing order, any establishment" [Bailyn, Ideological Origins of the American Revolution 318]. The pamphlet takes the form of one hundred rhetorical questions, reflecting Chandler's positions on the split with England, the North American Charters granted by the Crown, the Stamp Act, and the unrest in the American Colonies: "Whether the disorder of the colonies, to speak in language taken from animal bodies, be not of the feverish kind, as it is attended with an irregular high pulse, and discovers, in some parts, a dangerous swelling and inflammation; and whether it has not been occasioned, in a great measure, by their own imprudence and intemperance?" [No. 10]. Some later Queries refer to specific occurrences: "Whether the several colonies, by having chosen delegates to represent them at the congress, have not taken the matter in dispute out of the hands of the people; and whether those, who, notwithstanding, still endeavour farther to inflame the passions of the populace, already intoxicated with a few magical sounds, are not to be considered and treated as incendiaries, scattering abroad the firebrands of faction, in order to bring on the conflagration of their country?" [No. 89]. Howes C753. Adams, American Independence 106b. Evans 13221.

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Platten, J[ohn] R[ussell]:
WORLD WAR I MANUSCRIPT DIARY KEPT BY BRITISH NAVAL OFFICER J.R. PATTEN, COLLINGWOOD BATTALION, AT THE SIEGE OF ANTWERP, OCTOBER 4, 1914 THROUGH OCTOBER 8, 1914.
4to.16 leaves, ruled, pencil manuscript in legible cursive hand on rectos only. Bound in blue paper wrappers with marbled spine [light wear], paper label affixed to front cover. On each of the last three leaves, a bottom tear costs 4-8 lines of text. Good+. This is a first hand-account of the Siege of Antwerp written by John Russell Platten of the Collingwood Battalion. The Battalion was named after Lord Cuthbert Collingwood, Vice Admiral, and composed primarily of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. The Diary's abrupt change of tone, from pre-combat innocence to the horrors of war, is striking. The Battalion left Dover on Sunday, October 4, 1914, and landed at Dunkirk. They were sent to relieve the Belgians at Whybreck. On October 5th the Collingwood men occupied trenches beyond Antwerp. Bombarded for three days, they remained under fire through the night of October 8, with part of Antwerp ablaze. On October 9 the remaining garrison surrendered. Of the 700 seamen, only 22 reportedly got back to England; the rest were killed, or captured and interned in Holland or Germany. The October 4 entry describes the soldiers' jubilation upon learning that they would be "leaving for the continent." They marched to Dover, Patten's father and brother accompanying him until they reached the pier and said their goodbyes. On their way to Dunkirk the next day, they attacked their tins of "bully beef" with their bayonets and met a French torpedo boat, tossing halfpennies to the French soldiers as mementos and laughing as the soldiers scrambled after them. The excitement lasted into the next day as they were "pressed mug after mug of lager to drink as they wished;" ladies brought them aprons filled with cigarettes. After more cheer the Collingwood Battalion was assigned "the first blood" and headed to the trenches. Here the tone of the diary quickly changes. The morning of October 7th an "aeroplane sailed over"; a "German Taube machine," it dropped four bombs on them. They built "bomb proof shelters," raiding a nearby home for supplies. Platten describes the fallen faces of the farmer and his wife as they watched the men tear down doors, smash wardrobes, and knock the bottoms out of drawers. The men returned to the trenches and hunkered down while projectiles shrieked overhead. They expected an attack around dawn; Platten calls it the longest night he had ever experienced. On the morning of the 8th, news reached them that the Colonel had been killed, that they needed to hold the trenches "at all costs" until the following night, and that General Lawlinson would then try to relieve them. "We number something under eight thousand, they on the safe side of a hundred thousand... Major Cooreman is done & his mind seems to be giving way." The men attempted to retreat, but were ordered back. "The whole of Antwerp seems to be in flames... The trenches are falling in now owing to the shells and several men have been buried alive." A further entry: "My mind is almost a blank & I walk as if in a dream... Another man has gone mad and I don't think any of us can go much further." The British Naval Archives lists John Russell Platten with Service Number 4/2670, a member of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve at London; date of birth December 12, 1892; ranks of Ordinary Seaman, Able Seaman (undated), and Acting Leading Seaman Royal Naval Division. He joined the 4th Battalion a/k/a Collingwood Battalion at the outbreak of war, about August 2, 1914. He was later reported as being interned in Holland on October 8, 1914.

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[Philadelphia] [Mount Vernon Runaway Slave]:
PHILADELPHIA GAZETTE & DAILY ADVERTISER. WEDNESDAY, 20TH AUGUST, 1800. "WHATEVER MEASURES HAVE A TENDENCY TO DISSOLVE THE UNION, OR CONTRIBUTE TO VIOLATE OR LESSEN THE SOVEREIGN AUTHORITY, OUGHT TO BE CONSIDERED AS HOSTILE TO THE LIBERTIES AND INDEPENDENCE OF AMERICA." [GEO. WASHINGTON.].
Brown & Relf, Philadelphia:, 1800
Folio, [4] pp folded to 13-1/2" x 18-3/8". Each page printed in five columns. Several short repairs, some blank edge and margin chipping. Good+. Several items of interest: Stephen Girard's advertisement offering for sale "Cogniac and Bordeaux Brandy," "Russia Soap and Candle Tallow," "A few Tons of best clean St. Petersburg HEMP," and other items; a "Letter from a Physician in New-York to his Correspondent in Philadelphia, Relative to the Yellow Fever;" activities of the frigates Constellation and Constitution. "MARCUS, One of the House Servants at Mount Vernon, Absconded on the second instant, and since has not been heard of. He is a young lad, about 16 years of age, a bright mulatto... I will give Ten Dollars Reward to any person who shall apprehend the said negro and lodge him in some safe gaol..." Signed by James Anderson of Mount Vernon, in type.

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[House of Representatives]:
DEBATES IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES, DURING THE FIRST SESSION OF THE FOURTH CONGRESS, PART I. UPON THE CONSTITUTIONAL POWERS OF THE HOUSE, WITH RESPECT TO TREATIES.
Printed for Benj. Franklin Bache, by Bioren & Madan, Philadelphia:, 1796
386pp. Original calf, with the front cover detached but present. Else Very Good. The first of two parts, recorded separately by Evans [see, also, Evans 31352] but together by NAIP, which collates a general title page preceding the first part. This first part treats the power, if any, of the House to weigh in with its views on the propriety of treaties negotiated by the President. Evans 31351.

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[Indiana Elections- 1840]:
FOR GOVERNOR, SAMUEL BIGGER. LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR, SAMUEL HALL...
3-1/2" x 5-1/4", ticket printed on yellow paper, with illustration of William Henry Harrison's iconic Log Cabin, Hard Cider Barrel. Irregular margins, light wear, small pinhole [no text loss], else Very Good. Bigger, an Indiana circuit court judge, would become that State's seventh Governor as a Whig. The underticket included Thomas N. Thomas for Coroner, Isaac Pugh for County Commissioner, John B. Ferguson for Sheriff, Israel Harding and Philip Sweetser for Representatives, and Robert Hanna for Senator. The underticket candidates are from Marion County, whose county seat is Indianapolis.

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[Indiana Elections- 1840]:
HARRISON TICKET. FOR GOVERNOR, SAMUEL BIGGER. LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR, SAMUEL HALL...
3-3/8" x 4-1/2", ticket printed on yellow paper, with illustration of the 'Screaming Eagle' at the top. Irregular left margin, light wear, else Very Good. Bigger, an Indiana circuit court judge, would become that State's seventh Governor as a Whig. The underticket included Thomas N. Thomas for Coroner, Isaac Pugh for County Commissioner, John B. Ferguson for Sheriff, Israel Harding and Philip Sweetser for Representatives, and Robert Hanna for Senator. The underticket candidates are from Marion County, whose county seat is Indianapolis.

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Georgia Baptist Association:
MINUTES OF THE TWENTY-FIRST ANNIVERSARY OF THE GEORGIA BAPTIST CONVENTION, HELD AT LA GRANGE, TROUP COUNTY, GA., MAY 13TH, 14TH, 16TH, AND 18TH, 1842.
Printed by Benj. Brantley, Penfield, Ga.:, 1842
Stitched. 24. Some spotting and foxing. Good+. This is one of the earliest Penfield imprints; printing appears to have begun there about 1840. The participants in the Convention and their doings are noted. Committee Reports and financial data are printed. Not in De Renne.

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Helper, Hinton R.:
AUTOGRAPH LETTER SIGNED, 4 MARCH 1865, FROM THE UNITED STATES CONSULATE AT BUENOS AIRES, TO EDWARD M. DAVIS OF PHILADELPHIA, DELIGHTING IN THE UNION'S IMPENDING VICTORY IN THE CIVIL WAR, HOPING FOR A RESTORED UNION AND THE "IRREPARABLE DOWNFALL OF SLAVERY AND THE SLAVEHOLDERS."
[4]pp, entirely in ink manuscript. Light wear, Very Good. Helper, the prominent North Carolina abolitionist whose 'Impending Crisis of the South' argued that Slavery was destroying southern society, was Lincoln's Consul to Argentina. After the War he became an extreme Negrophobe, urging the deportation of the freed slaves. Like Andrew Johnson and not a few southern Unionists, his opposition to slavery was based, not on compassion for the slaves, but on resentment of their masters, the elite planter class. Here he writes to his friend Davis, a staunch anti-slavery man who had served on General Fremont's staff in Missouri during the War. "How do you feel after four years of war with the Slaveholders? Four years do I say? For you, I ought, perhaps, to say twenty, or even more; for, if I mistake not, you have always, since your very first years of discretion, practiced the virtue of antagonism to the fiendish fraternity of Kidnappers and Slaveholders. But I have more particular reference to the four years of actual, hard, material war, which, in defence of our own integrity, we have been constrained to wage with energy against the accursed enemies of the human race... [O]f the future, we are of course, more or less like yourself, left to conjecture. What think you of the prospect?" Helper says that there is "but one solution to the problem, and that is the complete reestablishment of the Union over the irreparable downfall of Slavery and the Slaveholders. May the God of all grace keep our eyes from beholding any other solution than this!"

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[Western Reserve] [Connecticut]:
WHEREAS THE DIRECTORS OF THE COMPANY INCORPORATED BY THE STATE OF OHIO, BY THE NAME OF THE PROPRIETORS OF "THE HALF MILLION ACRES OF LAND, LYING SOUTH OF LAKE ERIE, CALLED SUFFERERS LAND," ASSESSED A TAX OF TWENTY-FIVE CENTS ON THE POUND, OF THE ORIGINAL LOSSES TO BE PAID BY EACH PROPRIETOR, IN PROPORTION TO EACH PERSON'S RESPECTIVE SHARE OR LOSS AS SET IN THE ORIGINAL GRANT - AND WHEREAS THE PROPRIETOR OF THE RIGHT OR LOSS SET IN THE ORIGINAL GRANT TO AND IN THE NAME OF NEHEMIAH PHIPPENY HAS NEGLECTED TO PAY SAID TAX BY THE TIME DIRECTED BY THE VOTE OF SAID DIRECTORS - SO MUCH OF SAID LOSS AS WOULD RAISE THE SUM OF THREE DOLLARS AND FIFTEEN CENTS BEING THE AMOUNT OF SAID TAX DUE ON SAID LOSS, AND THIRTY ONE CENTS BEING THE REASONABLE CHARGES ON SAID SALE [EXCLUSIVE OF THE COST OF THIS DEED] TO LOTHROP LEWIS OF SO FAIRFIELD HE BEING THE HIGHEST BIDDER.
Broadsheet, 12 1/2" x 15 1/2". Printed document completed in ink manuscript. Old folds with some repaired splits and one 6" unrepaired split. Some small chips along a few splits with minimal loss. Light tanning, scattered spotting. Good+. The original grant for this land was to Nehemiah Phippeny, who lost title for nonpayment of taxes. The land was sold to Lothrop Lewis of Fairfield, Connecticut, on May 27, 1805. On the verso are hand written transfers of the same piece of property: from Lothrop Lewis to William Hawley of Woodbury, January 21, 1806; from Hawley to Nehemiah Dibble of Stamford, February 7, 1806; from Dibble to Zalmon & Seymour Wildman of Danbury, October 20, 1806. There is also a voided transaction [crossed out] from Hawley to William Lamson of Waterbury, January 31, 1806. In 1800, the State of Connecticut granted to her citizens who were sufferers by fire, caused by the British during the Revolutionary War, a half million acres of land, lying within the State of Ohio, which was to be taken off the west part of the "Western Connecticut Reserve," now embraced in the counties of Huron and Erie. By an 1803 Act of Ohio, the sufferers were incorporated as "The proprietors of the half million acres of land, lying south of Lake Erie, called 'Sufferers' Land'." The Act required management of the Company by a Board of Directors. The Board was to locate and survey the granted land, and to partition it among the different claimants. This part of the Western Reserve was inhabited by Indians, who engaged in warfare with the settlers. On July 4, 1805, a treaty between the United States and the Wyandot, Ottawa, Chippewa, Munsee and Delaware, Shawanee and Pattawatamy nations was signed whereby those Indian nations, in consideration of, released their claims to all the lands owned by the company.

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[Davis, Jefferson]:
WHAT JEFF. DAVIS THINKS OF THE WAR.
National Union Executive Committee, [New York:, 1864]
Broadside, 9" x 11 1/2", printed in two columns. Old folds, a bit of foxing, Very Good. A rare broadside, demonstrating Jefferson Davis's affinity with the Democratic Party, expressed at its Chicago convention. "The main plank of the Chicago Platform is that which pronounces the war a FAILURE, and on that account demands that 'IMMEDIATE EFFORTS BE MADE FOR A CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES'." Eberstadt calls this a "scarce piece denouncing the Chicago plank, and airing Davis' views as expressed at Macon, Montgomery, and Richmond. The effectual way to end the war and restore the Union is: VOTE FOR LINCOLN." FIRST EDITION. 133 Eberstadt 281. OCLC locates seven copies under several accession numbers as of April 2017.

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[Civil War]:
ARMS OF YE CONFEDERACIE.
G. H. Heap Inv., [Philadelphia?]:, [1862?]
Engraving on off-white card, 4-3/4" x 4". "G.H. Heap Inv. H.H. Tilley Del. et Sc." Very Good. "A small card bearing a vitriolic indictment of the Confederacy. The artist particularly attacks the institution of slavery... A large shield is flanked by two figures: a planter (left) and a slave. The planter wears spurs and a broad-brimmed hat and smokes a cigar. The slave is clad only in breeches, and his hands are manacled. Above the shield are two crossed flags, the Confederate flag and one bearing a skull and crossbones and the number 290. Between the flags are a rooster and a streamer with the motto 'servitudo esto perpetua.' On the shield are images associated with the South: a mint julep, a bottle of 'Old Rye,' a pistol and dagger, a whip and manacles, cotton, tobacco, and sugar plants, and slaves hoeing. In the background left, dominated by the palmetto tree of South Carolina, three planters, one holding a whip, play cards at a table. Beyond, two men duel with pistols. On the right, a female slave is auctioned as two slave children stand by. A black woman watches from a cabin doorway" [Reilly]. Reilly 1862-13. OCLC records five locations under three accession numbers [Penn. State, U So. Car., Lib. Cong., MA Hist., W Res. Hist. Soc.] as of April 2017.

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Drew, Charles:
THE ROLE OF SOVIET INVESTIGATORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE BLOOD BANK. [IN] AMERICAN REVIEW OF SOVIET MEDICINE, APRIL 1944.
Published by the American-Soviet Medical Society, New York:, 1944
Drew's article occupies pages 360-369 of the April 1944 issue. We offer the entire Volume I, consisting of four issues totaling 588 pages. Portraits, illustrations, charts, bound in original large 8vo red cloth, gilt spine title lettering. Very Good. This is the article's first appearance by the father of the American and British blood banks of World War II. Drew became the first African-American to receive a Doctor of Science degree, which he earned for his thesis, written at Columbia, on blood banks. Drew's article acknowledges the early Soviet work in the preservation of blood.

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Belisario, A.M.:
A REPORT OF THE TRIAL OF ARTHUR HODGE, ESQUIRE, (LATE ONE OF THE MEMBERS OF HIS MAJESTY'S COUNCIL FOR THE VIRGIN-ISLANDS) AT THE ISLAND OF TORTOLA, ON THE 25TH APRIL, 1811, AND ADJOURNED TO THE 29TH OF THE SAME MONTH; FOR THE MURDER OF HIS NEGRO MAN SLAVE NAMED PROSPER. STENOGRAPHICALLY TAKEN BY A.M. BELISARIO, ESQUIRE, ONE OF THE GRAND JURY WHO FOUND THE BILL OF INDICTMENT; AND CERTIFIED TO BE IMPARTIAL AND CORRECT BY HIS HONOR RICHARD HETHERINGTON, ESQ. PRESIDENT OF THE VIRGIN-ISLANDS, AND PRESIDENT OF THE COURT ON THIS TRIAL.
Tertius Dunning, Middletown [CT]:, 1812
Contemporary paper-covered boards [rebacked in period style]. [2], 186 pp. Untrimmed, occasional toning and mild foxing. Very Good. A rare printing of a judicial rarity: the trial of a master for murdering his slave. American Imprints, locating only one copy [Fisk University], suggests incorrectly that Middletown Tennessee, was the printing site. Hodge's brutality was too much even for the slave province of Tortola: the jury sentenced him to hang because Hodge, after having flogged Prosper for two days, left him to die a painful death-- without food or medical aid-- over the next week and a half. This case was extraordinary for several reasons, not least that "the chief prosecution witness was a free black woman. In the slave states (and some of the free states) it was illegal for a black to testify against a white" [Finkelman 291]. The evidence demonstrated Hodge's notoriously cruel treatment of his slaves. For Hodge's lawyers to assert "that a negro, being property, it was no greater offence in law for his owner to kill him, than it would be to kill his dog" [page 77], was surely a major tactical error. Hodge was hanged; the case apparently contributed to the abolition of slavery in the British West Indies. FIRST EDITION. Finkelman 290. II Harv. Law Cat. 1103. AI 24790 [1]. OCLC locates seven copies as of April 2017 under several accession numbers. LCP Supp. 1080. Cohen 12700.

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Riddle, A[lbert] G[allatin]:
CLOSING ARGUMENT OF THE HON. A.G. RIDDLE, FOR THE PROSECUTION, AT THE TRIAL OF HIRAM C. WHITLEY, RICHARD HARRINGTON, AND ARTHUR B. WILLIAMS, FOR CONSPIRACY, IN THE CRIMINAL COURT OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, NOVEMBER 23, 24, AND 25, 1874.
Government Printing Office, Washington:, 1874
Original printed wrappers, 214pp. Wraps chipped at the extremities. Very Good. Riddle represented the United States in a complicated, bizarre case involving the theft of documents from a vault in the office of the Washington, D.C. District Attorney. Those indicted included the Chief, Assistant Chief, and a clerk of the U.S. Secret Service; an assistant U.S. attorney; and a prominent Washington criminal lawyer. The purpose of the theft was to obtain documents for use in an investigation. The case received great attention for "the revelations of the inside history of the District government, for its novelty, and from the curious tissue of circumstantial evidence developed at the trial..." 9 American Law Review 351 [1875]. FIRST EDITION. II Harv. Law Cat. 468.

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[Sovereigns of Industry]:
SOMERVILLE, MAY 10TH, 1875. TO THE BROTHERS AND SISTERS, UNION COUNCIL NO. 71, SOVEREIGNS OF INDUSTRY
Broadside, 5" x 10". A few old folds. Signed in type by A.T. Small, Jas. E. Crawford, Able Jones, Sarah J. Price, and J. Campbell, as the Committee on Charges. Official Council blindstamp at the bottom right corner. Very Good. The Sovereigns of Industry, established in 1874, grew out of the Patrons of Husbandry, a mutual aid society for farmers. The Sovereigns sought members among all workingmen, not just farmers. Its purpose, articulated by its founder, William H. Earle of Massachusetts, was "elevating the character, improving the condition of, and, as far as possible, perfecting the happiness of the laboring classes" through the establishment of consumer cooperatives. The cooperative network would allow workers to "control the whole of what they produce, and exchange it as near as may be even with other hand-workers, thus saving to themselves the fortunes which those who are devoted to manipulating other people's labour and to getting rich thereby, have heretofore taken by extortion." [Commons, John R., et al.: HISTORY OF LABOUR IN THE UNITED STATES: NATIONALISATION [1860-1877], VOLUME II, New York: 1921, Pages 172-173.] A scandal occurred in Union Council No. 71, Somerville, Massachusetts. A conspiracy to usurp the authority of the Council majority, on the location of a new Hall, was charged. The conspirators allegedly were guilty of self-dealing by choosing a Hall for their own personal gain. "Riotous disorderly and disgraceful proceedings" erupted. Not located on OCLC as of May 2017.

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[Slavery]:
THE GREAT ISSUE NOW BEFORE THE PEOPLE, WITH REMARKS UPON ITS MERITS, AND CLAIMS UPON THE SERIOUS CONSIDERATION OF THE WELL-WISHERS OF OUR COUNTRY.
24pp, disbound, three small binding holes in blank left margin. Two early signatures of Wm. Thompson Shafer on title page. Light spotting throughout. About Good+. This scarce pamphlet says the "great issue" is whether "Slavery shall be allowed to overspread a territory of greater extent than that of the whole United States," and "whether the policy of our government is to continue to be that of Slavery Extension, or Slavery Restriction." All the power of the presidency is "being used to force the withering and blighting scourge of Slavery upon the National domain." Pursuing this tyrannical course, our government "shall lend its aid in striking a deathblow to the freedom of speech, the liberty of the press, and the security for life, personal liberty, possession, and peace." LCP 4300. OCLC 22829199 [4- LCP, No. IL U, Haverford, Detroit Pub. Lib.] as of April 2017.

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[Pennsylvania]:
REPORT OF THE MINORITY OF THE SELECT COMMITTEE, RELATIVE TO THE ADMISSION OF KANSAS INTO THE UNION, MADE TO THE SENATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, MARCH 17, 1858.
A.B. Hamilton, State Printer, Harrisburg, PA:, 1858
11pp, disbound. Light scattered foxing. Early ink ownership signature of Wm. Thompson Shafer at head of title page. Signed in type by Edward G. Gazzam, Andrew Gregg, and Bartram A. Shaeffer. Good+. Denouncing "the frauds committed in Kansas," the Pennsylvania minority opposes "the establishment of domestic tyranny" by slavery in that territory. President Buchanan of Pennsylvania managed to keep his troops on board for his disastrous Kansas policy favoring its admission as a Slave State. The Minority Report is appalled "that a President of the United States, for the unholy purpose of extending or perpetuating slavery, should recommend to Congress to sanction such a Constitution." LCP 7546.

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Botts, John Minor:
THE PAST, THE PRESENT, AND THE FUTURE OF OUR COUNTRY. INTERESTING AND IMPORTANT CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN OPPOSITION MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF VIRGINIA AND HON. JOHN MINOR BOTTS, JANUARY 17, 1860.
Lem. Towers, Washington, D.C.:, 1860
16pp. Caption title [as issued], double columns, disbound. Tanned, scattered foxing. Early ownership signature at head of title. Good+. Congressman Botts and his fellow Virginia Whigs denounce the Democrats' "design in this State to prepare the hearts and hands of our people for disunion and civil war." John Brown had been executed the previous month; the magnitude of the firestorm thus ignited is difficult to conceive today. Acknowledging that the John Brown raid and northern refusal to enforce the Fugitive Slave Act are alarming, Botts rebuts the Democrats' charge that the North and the Republican Party have been seized by abolitionist animus; such allegations are incendiary and demagogic. Botts traces the history of Democrats' pro-slavery extremism from Jackson and Van Buren, on through the annexation of Texas and the Mexican War, and the disastrous Kansas policies of the 1850's. Haynes 1848. Sabin 6831.

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Hamlin, Hannibal:
SPEECH OF HON. HANNIBAL HAMLIN, OF MAINE, IN THE UNITED STATES SENATE, MARCH 9 AND 10, 1858, IN REPLY TO GOVERNOR HAMMOND, AND IN DEFENCE OF THE NORTH AND NORTHERN LABORERS.
16pp. Caption title [as issued], printed in double columns, disbound. Light scattered foxing. Very Good. Lincoln's Vice Presidential running mate opposes Southern attempts to take Kansas into the ranks of slave states by fraud.

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[Rhode Island]:
AT A GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF RHODE-ISLAND AND PROVIDENCE PLANTATIONS. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, JUNE 18, A.D. 1796. THE UNDERWRITTEN REPRESENTATIVES DISSENT FROM THE BILL FOR ESTABLISHING AN ESTIMATE OF THE VALUE OF RATEABLE PROPERTY IN THE SEVERAL TOWNS IN THIS STATE...
Printed by G. Wheeler, [Providence]:, [1796]
Broadside, 7-5/8" x 12-7/8". Light uniform toning, old folds, Very Good. This rare broadside objects to the General Assembly's "arbitrary and capricious" assessments, particularly for Providence and Bristol Counties. Providence is "estimated at more than double the Town of Newport." It is signed in type by fifteen Representatives, headed by Welcome Arnold. Also printed is a unanimous Resolution of the Providence Town Meeting held on June 23, 1796: "That no Assessment of this Town's Apportionment of the State Tax, as ordered by the General Assembly, at their June Session, shall be made by the Assessors of this Town; such Apportionment being manifestly unconstitutional." Beneath that is another Vote of the Providence Town Meeting to publicize the foregoing Protests. "A minority report of representatives dissenting from a recently enacted tax law; signed by Welcome Arnold and fourteen others. Followed by attested records of town meetings held in Providence June 23 and 29, 1796, declaring the act was unconstitutional" [NAIP]. Evans 31095. Alden 1491. NAIP w010487 [4].

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[Bunker Hill]:
BOSTON, 26TH OF JUNE, 1775. THIS TOWN WAS ALARMED ON THE 17TH INSTANT AT BREAK OF DAY, BY A FIRING FROM THE LIVELY SHIP OF WAR; AND A REPORT WAS IMMEDIATELY SPREAD THAT THE REBELS HAD BROKEN GROUND, AND WERE RAISING A BATTERY ON THE HEIGHTS OF THE PENINSULA OF CHARLESTOWN, AGAINST THE TOWN OF BOSTON...
Printed by John Howe, [Boston:, 1775]
Folio broadside, 36cm x 22cm. Thomas W. Streeter's copy, with his small sticker on the blank verso. Near Fine. "British account of the battle of Bunker Hill" [ESTC]. The printer, John Howe [1754-1835], was a Loyalist; he witnessed the Battle and wrote this scarce broadside. Recording the responses of British Generals Howe and Pigot as American troops amassed, he describes the heroic British assault on the American left flank: "notwithstanding various Impediments of Fences, Walls, &c. and the heavy Fire they were exposed to, from the vast Numbers of Rebels, and their Left galled from the Houses of Charlestown, the Troops made their Way to the Redoubt, mounted the Works, and carried it. The Rebels were then forced from other strong Holds, and pursued 'till they were drove clear of the Peninsula, leaving Five Pieces of Cannon behind them." "This Action has shown the Bravery of the King's Troops, who under every Disadvantage, gained a compleat Victory over Three Times their Number, strongly posted, and covered by Breastworks. But they fought for their KING, their LAWS and CONSTITUTION." Evans 13842. ESTC W9549. Streeter Sale 760, with illustration at page 563.

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Turner, J.A.:
A LETTER TO HON. N.G. FOSTER, CANDIDATE FOR CONGRESS IN THE 7TH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF GA. IN REPLY TO A SPEECH DELIVERED BY HIM AGAINST THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY, AND IN FAVOR OF THE DOCTRINES OF THE KNOW-NOTHINGS, IN EATONTON, ON THURSDAY, 16TH AUGUST, 1855.
Federal Union Power Press, Milledgeville, Ga.:, 1855
Original printed wrappers with wrapper title and caption title [as issued]. Stitched. 39, [1 blank] pp. Some wrapper darkening, spine wrapper shorn. Text lightly to moderately foxed, Good+. A loyal Southern Democrat, Turner tells Foster "that your doctrines involve a war upon the principles of the Declaration of Independence, of the State and Federal Constitutions, of a republican form of government, and therefore of civil and religious liberty." The Know-Nothings oppose "religious toleration," which is "the corner stone of our political edifice. You can't destroy that without pulling down the whole superstructure." He defends the loyalty of American Catholics and denounces the Know-Nothings for attempting to limit their participation in American civic life. Turner says, "The Democratic party has administered this government for nearly half a century. Under this administration a great Empire has sprung up, almost as if by magic." He charges Foster's Party with "pandering to the abolition influence at the North" and for favoring Congressional power to restrict slavery in the Western Territories. Not in De Renne. OCLC 191315602 [11] as of March 2017.

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Lamar, John B. et al.:
ADDRESS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE, TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL UNION PARTY OF GEORGIA [and] ADDRESS OF A PORTION OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE TO THE UNION DEMOCRACY AND UNION WHIGS, FRIENDS OF PIERCE AND KING.
[4] pp, printed on rectos only. Folio sheet, folded to 8-1/4" x 10-1/4". Old folds, Very Good plus. Printed on blue paper, and signed at the end in type. The Constitutional Union Party announces [prematurely, as things turned out] "the complete triumph of their principles... in favor of the finality of the Compromise" of 1850. Lamar and his fellow Executive Committee members conclude that the Party should now dissolve and withdraw its electoral ticket, in order "to secure the vote of Georgia to Pierce and King," the Democratic presidential ticket. Because the Whig Party is reorganizing in Georgia, the Executive Committee urges solidarity with "those Union Whigs who stand identified with us in the support of the National Democratic Nominees." The Committee consisted of Lamar, B.H. Hill, Arthur Hood, Noel B. Knight, E.H. Pottle, John W. Owens, and George W. Thomas. Hill and Thomas did not sign the second Address. FIRST EDITION. De Renne 545. OCLC 5105225 [4- Emory, Duke, U GA, GA Hist. Soc.] as of March 2017. Not in Hummel.

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Asplund, John:
THE ANNUAL REGISTER OF THE BAPTIST DENOMINATION, IN NORTH-AMERICA; TO THE FIRST OF NOVEMBER, 1790. CONTAINING AN ACCOUNT OF THE CHURCHES AND THEIR CONSTITUTIONS, MINISTERS, MEMBERS, ASSOCIATIONS, THEIR PLAN AND SENTIMENTS, RULE AND ORDER, PROCEEDINGS AND CORRESPONDENCE. ALSO REMARKS UPON PRACTICAL RELIGION. HUMBLY OFFERED TO THE PUBLIC, BY JOHN ASPLUND.
Thomas Dobson, [Philadelphia:, 1792]
Quarto. iv, [5]-57, [1 blank], 69-70 pp. [as issued]. Untrimmed, first two gatherings uncut. Stitched in original plain drab wrappers [reinforced with clear tape]. Generously margined, but three words trimmed in a footnote at the bottom of page 27. Very Good. Prefaced from Southampton County, Virginia, July 14, 1791, the first year of Asplund's annual Baptist Register. Originally "it was printed in Richmond, Virginia, in 1791 and contained 60 pages in quarto." Dobson also printed another issue in Philadelphia in 1792, containing 70 pages. See, Evans 26583. "In the present issue, the appendix relating to the Baptist churches of Great Britain (p. 58-66) has been omitted, and p. 57 has been reset." The document identifies the minister, number of members, and county of location of each Baptist church in each of the States; and provides data about each Baptist Association. Evans 26582. Howes A361.

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[Baptist Church in Georgia] Lower Canoochee Association:
MINUTES OF THE LOWER CANOOCHEE ASSOCIATION, IN SESSION AT LOWER BLACK CREEK CHURCH. BRYAN COUNTY, GA. FROM THE 10TH TO THE 12TH OF OCTOBER, 1857.
Power Press of John M. Cooper & Co., Savannah:, 1857
8pp, loosened, faint old rubberstamp, toned. Good+. The 'State of the Churches' lists the name, county , messengers, and statistics of each member church. The Circular Letter and Corresponding Letter are signed in type at the end by the Moderator, John G. Williams, and the Clerk, E. Banks. Also printed are the Articles of Faith ["the only true mode of Baptism is Immersion"], the Rules, and the Association's Constitution. Not in De Renne.

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[Baptist Church in Georgia] Yellow River Baptist Association:
MINUTES OF THE THIRTIETH ANNUAL SESSION OF THE YELLOW RIVER BAPTIST ASSOCIATION, CONVENED AT FRIENDSHIP CHURCH. GWINNETT CO., GA., SEPTEMBER 23, 24, 25, & 26, 1854.
"Messenger" Print, Covington, Georgia:, 1854
8pp, stitched, crudely trimmed [uneven, wide margins at fore-edge], chip at lower blank corners. Scattered foxing. Good+. Willis C. Norris was Moderator. His Circular Letter appears at the end. A table entitled 'State of the Churches' lists each participating church, with its county, delegates' names, and statistical data. The Convention's Minutes reflect the stormy political condition of the country. The delegates "disclaim, in the most unequivocal and emphatic manner, all or any participation in, or fellowship for" a Resolution introduced by Northern Baptists opposing the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which would bring slavery into the Mexican Cession and repeal the 1820 Missouri Compromise. The Association denounces "the presumptuous and, in our judgment, blasphemous assumption and desecration of that sacred name and divine prerogative of the Almighty God by the self-styled clergy..." Not in De Renne.

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[Baptist Church in Georgia] Yellow River Baptist Association:
MINUTES OF THE TWENTY-NINTH ANNUAL SESSION OF THE YELLOW RIVER BAPTIST ASSOCIATION. CONVENED AT SORREL'S SPRING CHURCH, WALTON CO, GA., SEPTEMBER 24, 25, 26, AND 27, 1853.
Messenger Print, Covington, Georgia:, 1853
8pp, folded. Light toning, chip to blank lower corner. Else Very Good. Willis C. Norris was Moderator. His Circular Letter precedes a table entitled 'State of the Churches,' with each participating church listed, and its county, delegates' names, statistical data. Minutes of the Convention are printed. Page 8 advertises the "Southern Baptist Messenger," edited by William L. Beebe and "devoted to the service of the Old School Baptists. Not in De Renne.

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[Confederate Sheet Music] Kelp, Joseph:
POPULAR SONG AND CHORUS AD LIB. AURA LEA OR THE MAID WITH GOLDEN HAIR. ARRANGED BY JOSEPH KELP.
Lithographed and Published by Geo. Dunn & Compy., Richmond:, [1864]
9-1/4" x 11-1/2", with decorated title page. [4] pp, words and music. Light to moderate foxing, Good+. Parrish & Willingham 6813.

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Folsom, John W.:
THE INDEPENDENT LEDGER AND THE AMERICAN ADVERTISER. JOHN W. FOLSOM'S, ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE MARKET.
Folio, 9-1/2" x 14-3/8". Each page printed in three columns. Disbound, light uniform toning, mild foxing. Very Good. This issue of the paper, begun in 1778 by Folsom and Edward Draper, contains "Verses on the Constitutions of the Several States." "Most human forms of government were made/ For low ambition's more than virtue's aid... But now, behold, a set of new born States." News about local crimes and criminals is reported; a variety of advertisements, local political issues, and other news is printed.

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[New Orleans Confederate Imprint] Randall, James R.; G.M. Loening:
ELEGY ON THE DEATH OF LT. COL. CHAS. DREUX. KILLED IN DEFENDING HIS COUNTRY ON THE 5TH OF JULY 1861 IN THE VICINITY OF YORKTOWN VA. WORDS BY JAMES R. RANDALL. MUSIC BY G.M. LOENING.
Published by the Author. 96 Canal St., New Orleans:, [1861]
10" x 12-1/2". 5, [1 blank] pp. Words and music. Disbound, thin paper strip along blank inner margin. At head of title: "Dedicated to the Friends & Companions in arms of the Deceased Warrior." Decorated title page, different type styles, engraving by W.H. Leeson of New Orleans, depicting Dreux's gravestone, surrounded by flowers. Lightly foxed, Good+. Later ownership signature at blank top margin. "Weep, Louisiana, weep..." A rare Confederate imprint. Parrish & Willingham 6986 [4- Yale, Lib. Cong., Boston Athenaeum, Tulane]. Not in Jumonville. OCLC 793004252 [1- Boston Athenaeum] as of March 2017.

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[Free Soil Party] Gibbs, Richard:
CIRCULAR LETTER. HARPERSFIELD, OCT. 20TH, 1856. DEAR SIR: YOU ARE PROBABLY AWARE THAT I AM A CANDIDATE FOR MEMBER OF ASSEMBLY FOR THIS DISTRICT...
Broadside, 5" x 8". Very Good. Gibbs ran on the Free Soil ticket. "I am for FREEDOM and FREE TERRITORY, and opposed to the extension of Slavery; not for invading the constitutional rights of any State, but for keeping Slavery within its proper bounds." Gibbs's Circular reflects contemporary American political turmoil. The overriding question is: "Shall Slavery be confined to its present limits, or be suffered to extend over our vast Western Territories?" He regrets "that the old Political parties at the North might be broken up," but "Never was there a greater difference of opinion among us; men of different opinions, upon this great question, often belong to the same political party, and being attached to a party is not a sure indication of their principles." Not located on OCLC, or the online sites of the New York Public Library, AAS, NY Hist. Soc. as of March 2017.

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Grayson, William J.:
JAMES LOUIS PETIGRU. A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.
Harper & Brothers, New York:, 1866
Original cloth, gilt-lettered facsimile signature of Petigru on front cover, gilt-lettered title stamped on spine. Half title, portrait of Petigru [loosened] with original tissue guard. Faint blindstamp. xvii, [2 blanks], [19]-178 pp. Old bookplate on front pastedown, else Very Good. An elite South Carolinian, Petigru was an excellent lawyer who opposed nullification, secession, and the Confederacy. He held a number of offices in the State. This is the primary source on his life. He died in 1863. III Turnbull 410.

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Grigsby, Hugh Blair:
THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION OF 1776. A DISCOURSE DELIVERED BEFORE THE VIRGINIA ALPHA OF THE PHI BETA KAPPA SOCIETY, IN THE CHAPEL OF WILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE, IN THE CITY OF WILLIAMSBURG, ON THE AFTERNOON OF JULY THE 3RD, 1855.
J.W. Randolph, Richmond, VA:, 1855
206, [2 blanks], xv, [1] pp. Original cloth, slightly shaken, Very Good. The final 16 pages consist of Randolph's bookseller advertisements. The book is an excellent reference for the Convention, which featured such notables as Patrick Henry, James Madison, and Thomas Jefferson. FIRST EDITION. Haynes 7401. Sabin 28844.

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[Civil War]:
WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE WAR? WHO ACCOUNTABLE FOR ITS HORRORS AND DESOLATIONS?
Broadside, 9-1/8" x 11-1/2". Printed in two columns, Very Good. The AAS entry for this broadside states that the words at its foot, "For sale by all news agents. Price, per 100," are identical to the language of several 1864 Republican campaign broadsides, published by the National Union Executive Committee, Astor House, New York. "Presumably this edition was also published by the Republican Party's national committee." The broadside begins with "EXTRACTS from a Speech by ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS (now Vice-President of the Confederate States), delivered in the Secession Convention of Georgia, on the 31st day of January, 1861: 'This step (the secession of Georgia,) once taken, can never be recalled; and all the baleful and withering consequences that must follow (as you will see) will rest on the Convention for all coming time... To attempt to overthrow such a Government as this... is the height of madness, folly, and wickedness, to which I can neither lend my sanction nor my vote'." In his 1868 book, 'A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States,' Stephens declared the Speech to be a "fabrication." There follows an answer to the question, 'WHO COMMENCED THE WAR?' "Those who would throw the guilt of the war upon the shoulders of Mr. Lincoln, are requested to read the following catalogue of 'remarkable events,' published in a Southern Almanac, all of which occurred during the Presidency of Mr. Buchanan." The "Catalogue" is a list of aggressions committed by the Southern States. "All these were warlike and treasonable acts." De Renne 1316. Not in Sabin, Bartlett, Nevins, Eberstadt, LCP, Monaghan. OCLC shows a number of institutional locations.

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[Heath, James E.]:
CIRCULAR. AUDITOR'S OFFICE, RICHMOND, 1OTH MARCH, 1820. SIR,...
Folio sheet, folded to 8" x 10". 1, [3 blanks] pp. Signed at the end in type, "Jas. E. Heath, Auditor." Light old folds for mailing, Very Good. Signed in ink on verso, "The Clerk of Montgomery." Auditor Heath's Circular , evidently unrecorded, seeks information on assessments from the local Commissioners of Revenue "in your county."

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[Mordecai, M(oses) C(ohn)]:
ANSWERS BY THE CHARLESTON CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, TO QUESTIONS PROPOUNDED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
24pp. Modern plain wrappers. The title page is preceded by a leaf [with two light rubberstamps in blank upper and lower margins], signed in type by the Chamber's Secretary, William B. Heriot, printing the Chamber's resolutions approving the Answers. Except as noted, Very Good. Mordecai, Charleston's most prominent Jewish citizen, chaired the Committee preparing these Answers. "At various times, he was vice-president of the Charleston Ancient Artillery Society, a member of the board of health, captain of the Marion Artillery, a member of the committee on civic improvements, warden of police, commissioner of markets, a delegate to the Augusta Convention, a commissioner of pilotage, state representative, state senator, and director of the Southwestern Railroad Bank, the Gas Light Company, the South Carolina Insurance Company, and the Farmers' and Exchange Bank" [online findagrave.com]. The questions propounded by U.S. Treasury Secretary Robert Walker concerned the effect of the tariff on South Carolina's economy. Appointed by President Polk, who favored low tariffs, Walker doubtless hoped that the Committee would respond as it did: that South Carolina was "injuriously affected by the present high duties." The Answers demonstrate "the unequal operation of the existing tariff system, its devastating influence upon the industry of the country generally, and upon the interests of the planting States more especially." The Tariff of 1846, known as the 'Walker Tariff,' would substantially reduce existing tariffs OCLC 23978567 [6] as of March 2017 [all locations north of the Mason Dixon line except for the University of North Carolina]. III Turnbull 1.

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Miller, A.E.:
MILLER'S PLANTERS' AND MERCHANTS' ALMANAC, FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1854...FOR THE STATES OF CAROLINA AND GEORGIA... TO WHICH IS ANNEXED, A LIST OF THE CHIEF OFFICERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, AND OF THE STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA, CITY OF CHARLESTON, &C. WITH THE TIMES OF HOLDING COURTS AND MUCH OTHER GENERAL INFORMATION; WITH A GARDENER'S CALENDAR...
Walker & Evans, Charleston, S.C.:, [1853]
48pp, plus yellow advertisement pages preceding and following the almanac [holes in the advt. pages, small loss]; blank interleaves. In original printed blue boards [paper label of Apprentices' Library Society], and quarter morocco spine. Front board loose but present. Several text leaves loose, lower quadrant of one leaf torrn with loss. Otherwise a Good copy. The Almanac includes a "Calendar of Fasts, Festivals, and other days, Observed by the Israelites. For the Year 5614-15." With information on the militia, Police of the City of Charleston, South Carolina College, Free Schools, Medical Societies and Colleges, Banks, Insurance Companies, the Post Office, South Carolina Railroad, an article on cultivation of the fig tree, and the items promised by the title. III Turnbull 169-170. Not in Singerman.

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[University of the South]:
ADDRESS OF THE COMMISSIONERS FOR RAISING THE ENDOWMENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF THE SOUTH.
B.M. Norman, Publisher, New Orleans:, 1859
Original printed wrappers [moderately foxed], stitched, 16pp. Widely scattered light text foxing. Good+. The pamphlet recounts the history of efforts to establish the University. "The Southern States have not been indifferent to the subject of Collegiate education. Each of these States, at a very early period of its history, has founded an University, upon which it was intended to concentrate the patronage of the State Legislature. Could this policy have been adhered to steadily, free from the interference of popular clamor, or religious differences, the University which we are now proposing to establish might have been unnecessary... The South needs, more than ever, men of the very highest education, who shall prove that our institutions are not adverse to the loftiest culture... The world is trying hard to persuade us that a slaveholding people cannot be a people of high moral and intellectual culture." The triumvirate of Bishops Otey, Leonidas Polk, and Elliott led the effort, with a Board of Trustees consisting of the Bishops of eleven southern States [not Virginia or Kentucky]. This document prints the Trustees' Declaration of Principles, placing the University "under the sole and perpetual direction of the Protestant Episcopal Church." Pages 15-16 print the Act to Establish the University of the South, enacted by the Tennessee Legislature in 1858. Jumonville 2882. De Renne 605.

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[Maine]:
TO THE DEMOCRATS OF AROOSTOOK COUNTY.
Broadside, 12" x 17". Some old folds, several fox spots, couple of short closed margin tears [no loss]. Good+. Signed in type at the end by about 140 loyal Aroostook Democrats. The Kansas-Nebraska Act opened the Mexican Cession to Slavery and thus repealed the 1820 Missouri Compromise. Deep divisions in the Democratic Party resulted. Many Northern Democrats resisted the call of their dominant Southern brethren to populate the newly acquired Territories with slaves. Maine's Hannibal Hamlin, for example, abandoned the Democrats over the Slavery issue, and became a Republican [and Lincoln's running mate in 1860]. This broadside excoriates such apostates, who have joined forces with anti-slavery men "to batten and prey upon the very life of the Democratic Party," and who are "pledged to opposition to the regular democracy." Hyperbolically, the broadside accuses them of opposing the Party's "very EXISTENCE, plotting her ENTIRE OVERTHROW and DESTRUCTION." Not located on OCLC as of March 2017.

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[Free Soil Party in Connecticut]:
PURSUANT TO PREVIOUS NOTICE, A MEETING OF THE FRIENDS OF FREE SOIL, CONVENED AT THE TOWN HALL, IN SUFFIELD, ON THE 8TH DAY OF JULY, 1848... TO THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT.
Broadside, 8-1/4" x 13-5/8. Light margin wear. 'Released' rubberstamp of Connecticut Historical Society on blank verso. Very Good. The Meeting voted to offer these Proceedings "for publication to the Hartford Courant, the Hartford Times and the Charter Oak." Dated and signed in type at the end, "Samuel N. Reid, Secretary. David Hale, Chairman. Suffield, July 8th, 1848." This rare and significant broadside records the historic beginnings of the Free Soil Party, the precursor to the Republicans. The end of the Mexican War brought a divisive question to the forefront of American political life: Would the Territories acquired from Mexico be Slave or Free? Many Northern Democrats and Whigs, fearful that the "Slave Power" controlled their parties, experienced "deep and grave dissatisfaction." "Gen. Cass is the supple tool of Slave-holders and Slavery extensionists... Gen. Taylor is also opposed to the restriction of the limits of Slavery,-- and therefore we dare not trust either of them with the interests of Free Labor." The new Party takes the position advocated by Abraham Lincoln a decade later: disclaiming any intention to interfere "with the reserved rights and domestic institutions of any of the States of the Union, we are, at the same time, the determined and uncompromising opponents of the extension of Slavery over any territory now free." The Meeting calls for the selection of delegates "to represent this State, in the National Convention at Buffalo, on the 9th day of August, 1848," in order "to form an effective organization for the defence of the principles of Freedom, and to oppose the extension of Slavery." The Buffalo Convention nominated Martin Van Buren and John P. Hale for the presidency and vice presidency. OCLC 22947076 [2- CT Hist. Soc., CT State Lib.] as of March 2017. Not located in Work, LCP, Blockson, Dumond.

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Blair, Frank P., Jun.:
COLONIZATION AND COMMERCE. AN ADDRESS BEFORE THE YOUNG MEN'S MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION OF CINCINNATI, OHIO, NOVEMBER 29, 1859. BY... OF MISSOURI.
8pp, caption title [as issued]. Disbound, light margin spotting. Good+. Blair explains his pet project: combining emancipation with colonization "in the congenial regions of the American tropics, for such of our negroes as are now free, or who hereafter may be enfranchised by States or individuals, and who may choose to go there, and to offer them such inducements, by securing them self-government, free homesteads, and protection against foreign or domestic molestation, as they will not and cannot refuse." Blair argues that "the two races cannot occupy the same States without mutual injury." And slavery injures, most of all, other whites "by monopolizing and degrading all the industrial occupations, which elsewhere supply the wants of an independent yeomanry, puts education within their reach, and makes improvement possible." FIRST EDITION. LCP 1253. Not in Sabin, Thomson, Eberstadt, Work.

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[New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad Company]:
OFFICIAL STENOGRAPHER'S REPORT OF THE TESTIMONY OF CHARLES S. MELLEN, PRESIDENT, AND EDWARD D. ROBBINS, GENERAL COUNSEL, OF THE NEW YORK, NEW HAVEN AND HARTFORD RAILROAD COMPANY BEFORE THE HON. CHARLES A. PROUTY INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSIONER AT BOSTON, MASS., MAY 2, 1913.
Doane Street Press, Boston, MA:, [1913]
79, [1] pp, two staples. Minor wear, Very Good. This report contains the testimony of Charles S. Mellen and Edward D. Robbins. Most of the questions are asked by Commissioners Charles A. Prouty and Charles F. Choate, Jr., a New Haven lawyer. The testimony concerns the financial dealings of the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad Company, including income, expenses, repairs, fares charged, stock purchases and sales. This Railroad was chartered in 1872; the New York & New Haven Railroad and the Hartford & New Haven Railroad merged to create it. By 1890 the Company's revenue exceeded million annually; J.P. Morgan gained control of its Board. Morgan appointed Charles Mellen as president of the company, and sought to achieve a monopoly of New England transportation. By the early 1900s he had absorbed most of the smaller independent railroads in southern New England, as well as steamboat and trolley lines. Louis D. Brandeis investigated the Company in 1907, concluded that it was overextended, and claimed that the NY, NH & Hartford was manipulating accounting records. The Interstate Commerce Commission held hearings in 1913 to investigate the financial condition of the Company. Its Report confirmed Brandeis's conclusions. The release of the report and Mellen's resignation led to the collapse of this corporate giant. ["A Guide to the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad Small Format Photograph and Postcard Collection, ca. 1870s-1960s," UCONN Archives & Special Collections, Call No. 1991.0133; http://archives.lib.uconn.edu/; and "Louis D. Brandeis Versus the New Haven Railroad, Part I," April 8, 2016, Brandeis and Harlan Watch, managed by Scott Campbell, Archivist at the University of Louisville Law Library, https://brandeiswatch.wordpress.com/2016/04/08, accessed online 5/19/2017.] OCLC 27807619 [6] [as of May 2017].

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Hawles, Sir John:
THE ENGLISHMAN'S RIGHT, OR, A DIALOGUE BETWEEN A BARRISTER AT LAW AND A JURYMAN; SHEWING, 1. THE ANTIQUITY. 2. THE EXCELLENT DESIGNED USE. 3. THE OFFICE AND JUST PRIVILEGES OF JURIES BY THE LAW OF ENGLAND. (BEING A CHOICE HELP FOR ALL WHO ARE QUALIFIED BY LAW, TO SERVE ON JURIES). BY SIR JOHN HAWLES, KNT. SOLICITOR GENERAL TO THE LATE KING WILLIAM. TO WHICH IS PREFIXED, AN INTRODUCTORY ESSAY, ON THE MORAL DUTY OF A JUDGE. BY LORD BACON.
Printed by John Thompson, of Philadelphia; for Alexander Brodie, Philadelphia:, 1798
viii, [17]-70 pp [as issued]. Contemporary quarter calf and marbled paper boards [front board darkened at upper forecorner; lower portion of spine chipped]. The second of two front free endpapers has a blank corner tear. Very Good, with the 1809 ownership signature of Wm. Barret. The Publisher Note explains that he published this tract "to preserve Trial by Jury inviolate." It merits the particular "attention of Citizen and Alien," doubtless because he believed the recent enactment of the Alien & Sedition Laws threatened that ancient right. First published in London in 1680, it was reprinted in Boston in 1772. This second American edition endorses the primacy of the right of jury trial in American jurisprudence. To avoid any implication of Anglophilia, Brodie writes, "But lest the title 'The Englishman's Right' should give offence to any, it is proper to observe that the Charter of the Liberties of England is a grant from their kings obtained by force. This charter is the fountain of all their Rights; and among others of the Englishman's Right to be tried by a Jury of his Equals. As Americans we possess the same Right... But we claim no right by conquest or descent from the people of England. We hold our Liberties from God alone." Evans 33862. Cohen 1481. Marvin 376 [London: 1770]. Marke 187 [London: 1680].

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[Lundy, Benjamin]:
THE ORIGIN AND TRUE CAUSES OF THE TEXAS INSURRECTION, COMMENCED IN THE YEAR 1835.
32pp. Caption title, as issued. Stitched, lightly foxed, Good+. Lundy was, according to Howes, the "first to ascribe this war to a slave-holding conspiracy." Lundy explains that his critique is "of vital importance to the cause of Liberty and Human Rights." Beginning with the Anglo-American colonization of Texas in 1820, he describes the ensuing corruption: "The swindling operations in the Yazoo land speculations were mere child's play in comparison." Emigrants from the United States to Texas routinely evaded the laws "forbidding the introduction of slaves." "First edition in book form of eight articles written by Lundy, under the pseudonym of 'Columbus' for the National Gazette early in 1836. Lundy gives a careful analysis of the Declaration of Independence 'recently issued by the Texas colonists'." [Eberstadt]. Lundy visited Texas several times, attempting to establish a Mexican colony for free slaves. Howes L569 'aa'. Streeter, Texas 1216. 165 Eberstadt 502. Rader 2265.

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Pollard, Edward A.:
OBSERVATIONS IN THE NORTH: EIGHT MONTHS IN PRISON AND ON PAROLE.
E.W. Ayres, Corner Ninth and Main Streets, Richmond:, 1865
vii, [1 blank], [9]-142 pp, as issued. Light spotting at upper forecorners. With original printed front wrapper [rubberstamp number]. The book, with wrapper, is bound into later limp cloth with the later front cover detached but present. Else Very Good. Deemed the last Confederate imprint, the 'Observations' was published in March 1865, as the City fell to Union troops. A journalist, Pollard was a passenger on a blockade runner seized by Union forces. Imprisoned at Fort Warren, he was later paroled. Howes P457. Confederate Hundred 68. In Tall Cotton 149. Parrish & Willingham 4994.

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Miller, A.E.:
MILLER'S PLANTERS' AND MERCHANTS' ALMANAC FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD 1845...FOR THE STATES OF CAROLINA & GEORGIA... TO WHICH IS ANNEXED. A LIST OF THE CHIEF OFFICERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, AND OF THE STATE OF SOUTH-CAROLINA, CITY OF CHARLESTON, &C. WITH THE TIMES OF HOLDING COURTS; AND MUCH OTHER GENERAL INFORMATION; WITH A GARDENER'S CALENDAR, PREPARED FOR THIS ALMANAC SOME YEARS AGO.
Printed by Miller & Browne, Charleston, S.C.:, [1844]
[48] pp, plus interleaves [usually blank, a couple of contemporary notes]. 'Second Edition' at head of title. Bound in rare contemporary printed and decorated green boards, rear board advertising "Miller & Brown, Book and Job Printers, At the Old Stand, No. 4 Broad-Street..." Text browned. Very Good. The Almanac includes a "Calendar of Fasts, Festivals, and other days, Observed by the Israelites. For the Year 5605"; information on the militia, Police of the City of Charleston, South Carolina College, Free Schools, Medical Societies and Colleges, Banks, Insurance Companies, the Post Office, South Carolina Railroad, an article on cultivation of the fig tree, and the items promised by the title. Drake 13349 [not locating any copies of the first edition]. II Turnbull 495. Not in Singerman or Rosenbach.

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Brockenbrough, W.H.:
THE RIGHT OF INSTRUCTION. THE VIRGINIA DOCTRINE CONSIDERED. BEING AN ANSWER TO THE LETTERS OF JUDGE JOSEPH HOPKINSON. ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN THE SOUTHERN LITERARY MESSENGER.
Printed by James Alexander, Charlottesville, Va.:, 1837
Disbound. Clean closed tear on title page expertly repaired on blank verso without loss, barely noticeable from the recto. 54, [2 blanks] pp. Light toning and mild foxing. Else Very Good. This scarce pamphlet addresses the power of a State Legislature to control the vote of its United States Senator. Brockenbrough supports the Virginia Doctrine, which deemed legislative instruction "an authoritative lawful command." The power to instruct was based on the Constitutional requirement that U.S. Senators be chosen by the State's legislature, rather than [as today] by the people. Brockenbrough argues that, once instructed, a Senator's "only option which we allow him is that of resigning or obeying." For, "wherever a Constitution rests the power to elect a Representative, there lies the power to instruct." Brockenbrough examines early Virginia and American history, particularly the conduct of Patrick Henry and John Marshall, in support of the Virginia Doctrine. Cohen 4906. Haynes 2159. OCLC 6478800 [8] as of March 2017.

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Benjamin, Judah P.:
CORRESPONDENCE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE, IN RELATION TO THE BRITISH CONSULS RESIDENT IN THE CONFEDERATE STATES.
55pp, stitched, original printed wrappers [several chips], light Rebel Archives rubberstamps on front wrap and three subsequent pages, else Very Good. Secretary of State Benjamin's diplomatic correspondence concerning the delicate British attempts to maintain positive relations with the Confederacy. Although England withheld recognition of its independence. England wished to protect its subjects residing in the South who were drafted into the army. Also included is Georgia Governor Brown's correspondence advising the British to stop interfering with the Confederate military draft. FIRST EDITION. P&W 1783. Crandall 839. Not in Singerman.

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[Cherokee]:
CONSTITUTION AND LAWS OF THE CHEROKEE NATION. PUBLISHED BY AN ACT OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL. 1892.
Foley R'Y Printing Co., Parsons, KS:, 1892 [ie, 1893]
425, VII pp. Loose textblock, early leaves chipped at blank fore-edge, covers worn and detached. One index page with large chip to corner [repaired on verso, no loss]. Good Rader 714. Hargrett 71. Gilcrease-Hargrett p.73.

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[Barry, Joseph]:
THE ANNALS OF HARPER'S FERRY WITH SKETCHES OF ITS FOUNDER, AND MANY PROMINENT CHARACTERS CONNECTED WITH ITS HISTORY, ANECDOTES, &C, BY JOSEPHUS, JUNIOR. SECOND EDITION.
Office of the "Berkeley Union", Martinsburg, W. VA:, 1872
126pp, two plates, stitched. Original printed and illustrated wrappers [chipped at extremities without affecting text or illustration]. Front wrapper illustrated with a portrait of John Brown [repeated after page 32], rear wrapper with a portrait of John W. Garrett [repeated after page 110]. Text clean. Advertisement for the Mountain View Hotel in Harper's Ferry laid down on the plain inner rear wrapper. Good+. This is the second edition, substantially enhanced, "the unexpected success of a prior and much smaller edition" [Hagerstown, 1869] having prompted it. The book treats the early history of the Town, but emphasizes the important period from John Brown's raid through the end of the Civil War. Born in Ireland, Barry spent most of his life in Harper's Ferry and became an authority on its history. He witnessed many of the described events, including the John Brown Raid; he attended Brown's trial. The advertisement for Mountain View Hotel measures 4" x 6.25" and contains about 20 lines of text. It reads: O.E. MALTBY

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[Confederate [?] Broadside Verse]:
THERE'S "NO BODY" HURT!!
Illustration at head of verse: man in top hat wears a poster that bears the title. Printed on white paper with black ink, text within ornamental border. 4-1/2" x 7-3/4". Trimmed closely to the border, mounted, minor wear. Very Good. A scarce broadside poem which begins, "There lives a man at Washington, A narrow-minded squirt..." The poem is an unfavorable critique of Abraham Lincoln. It "contains satire aimed at the President, who, it was said, repeated these words" [Semmes, 'Civil War Song Sheets,' in Maryland Historical Magazine, September 1943, page 218-219, footnote 19]. As President-Elect, Lincoln made several speeches on the way to Washington, seeking to calm the country. But his words were, as his biographer Stephen Oakes said, "Dismally trite." Lincoln said at Columbus, "There is nothing going wrong... Nobody is suffering anything." At Pittsburgh: "There is no crisis except an artificial one." Several institutional collections consider this a Confederate imprint. That may be so, but there were plenty of criticisms of Lincoln within the Union-- especially early in his administration. Neither Parrish & Willingham, Crandall, nor Hummel records it. Wake Forest Confederate Broadside Collection. Rubenstein Library at Duke University #bsvg200626. Getty Library Civil War Collection. See, Oakes, With Malice Toward None [Harper Perennial Edition, page 209].

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Junius [pseud.]:
THE LETTERS OF JUNIUS, COMPLETE IN ONE VOLUME, WITH A COPIOUS INDEX.
Printed for Robert Campbell, Philadelphia:, 1795
12mo. [4], xii, 13-283, [13] pp. Original calf with gilt spine rules, gilt-lettered spine title on black morocco. Occasional and widely scattered foxing, Very Good. Early ownership signature on front free endpaper, 'Ephraim Hinds.' The preface, a 'Dedication to the English Nation,' exhorts readers "never to suffer an invasion of YOUR political constitution, however minute the instance may appear, to pass by, without a determined, persevering resistance. One precedent creates another.- They soon accumulate and constitute law." SECOND AMERICAN EDITION. Evans 28912.

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[California]:
PROCEEDINGS OF A PUBLIC MEETING OF THE DEMOCRATIC MEMBERS OF THE LEGISLATURE OF CALIFORNIA, OPPOSED TO THE ELECTION OF A UNITED STATES SENATOR AT THE PRESENT SESSION OF THE LEGISLATURE, HELD IN THE SENATE CHAMBER AT BENICIA, ON THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 2, 1854.
Placer Times and Transcript Office, San Francisco:, 1854
8pp, bound in attractive modern quarter calf and marbled boards, gilt spine lettering. Very Good. A significant chapter in the epic Gwin-Broderick struggle, which split the California Democratic Party on the Kansas-Nebraska issue and ended only with Broderick's death in a duel with Chief Justice David Terry of the California Supreme Court. At the time of this public meeting, Broderick was President of the California Senate and sought to engineer his own election to the U.S. Senate to replace Senator Gwin, whose term would expire on March 4, 1855. These California Democrats resist the attempt to steamroll Broderick's election, arguing that only "the Legislature next preceding a new senatorial term, has the right to elect." Discussing this item, Eberstadt says, "The 'public meeting' was held in the Senate Chamber at Benicia and the proceedings give a clear insight into local politics just prior to vigilante days." Cowan 502. Greenwood 491 [1- CU-B]. 136 Eberstadt 157. OCLC 21658923 [6- 4 in CA, Yale, KY Hist. Soc.] as of March 2017.

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[Free Soil Party]:
TO FREE SOIL MEN OF MAINE WHO DO NOT TAKE THE PORTLAND INQUIRER!
Broadside, 8" x 13". Printed in two columns, "Portland Inquirer- Extra" printed at head of title. Light foxing, light blank margin wear, else a Very Good copy of a rare survival. "The Portland Inquirer is the last permutation of a series of anti-slavery newspapers in Portland and Maine. It was one of three party politics abolitionist papers: the Liberty Standard and the Free Soil Republican being the other two. It ran from 1851-1855 and then merged with the Maine Temperance Journal to become the Maine Temperance Journal and Inquirer." [web site of the Maine Historical Society] The editors of the Inquirer urge all anti-slavery men to support the 'Inquirer'. "We want your assistance in supporting a FREE SOIL PAPER IN MAINE... Without a vigorous free press, no organized action can be had in the State." Not located on OCLC as of March 2017.

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[Whig Party in Massachusetts]:
ADDRESS OF THE DISTRICT COMMITTEE TO THE WHIGS OF DISTRICT NO. 4.
4pp. Caption title, as issued. Folded to 8vo. Signed at the end in type by five members of the District Committee. Light soil, else Very Good. The District Committee, headed by John Sargent, urges Whigs to stick together: many Northern Whigs were disappointed by Zachary Taylor's nomination and election. Taylor, a political cypher, was a renowned military leader and Louisiana plantation owner. In particular, the Committee urges Whigs of District No. 4 to support the regular Whig Party candidate for Congress, Benjamin Thompson, against his opponent, John Palfrey, who has "abandoned the party, and... allied himself with your bitterest opponents." Palfrey had become a "Conscience Whig," i.e., an anti-slavery man, and then a candidate of the anti-slavery Free Soil Party. Not located on OCLC as of March 2017. Not in Sabin.

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[Philadelphia Fire Company]:
NOTICE. THE HAND IN HAND FIRE COMPANY HAVE APPOINTED THEIR NEXT MEETING TO BE AT OELLERS'S, ON THE FIRST MONDAY IN APRIL, AT SEVEN O'CLOCK IN THE EVENING. FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1797.
5-3/4" x 3-1/2", oblong. Attractively printed ticket, signed in ink "J.B. Bordley Clk." Fine. An early fire company ephemeron. "The 'hand in hand' name and clasped hand symbol were popular among volunteer fire fighting companies and fire insurance companies during this period. It symbolized the mutual assistance needed to combat fires and the fraternal ties of fire companies prevalent in early American communities. This Hand in Hand Fire Company was founded March 1st 1741, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and located in the Dockward at the Fish Market and Drawbridge" [website of the National Museum of American History]. "In 1791, James Oeller opened his eponymous hotel, Philadelphia's first, at Sixth and Chestnut Streets. Oeller's assembly room, decorated with French wallpaper and antique illustrations, challenged the City Tavern as Philadelphia's finest banquet space." [Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia]. Bordley, a prominent agriculturist, was a founder of the Philadelphia Society for Promoting Agriculture.

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San Francisco Vigilance Committee:
PICTORIAL LETTER SHEET SHOWING 'FORT VIGILANT ROOMS OF THE COMMITTEE SACRAMENTO ST. BETN. DAVIS & FRONT' [and] 'MASS MEETING ENDORSING THE ACTS OF THE VIGILANCE COMMITTEE JUNE 14TH'. [with] CONSTITUTION AND ADDRESS OF THE VIGILANCE COMMITTEE... ADOPTED, MAY 15, 1856.
Lith. Britton & Rey, [San Francisco]:, [1856]
Two leaves, unnumbered, on a single folio sheet folded to 8-3/8" x 10-5/8". One page has the two illustrations, which are in excellent condition. The final leaf prints the Committee's Constitution and Address, which has scuffing to portions of some letters. Good+. The front of this rare letter sheet displays two engraved images, lithographed from daguerreotypes by the influential and pioneering San Francisco photographer, Robert Vance. The upper image, "Rooms of the Committee...," depicts the Committee's headquarters, an imposing two-story building defended by armed guards and cannons. Filled gunny sacks and a cannon guard the entrance; ship masts are in the background. The lower image, "Mass Meeting...," shows the crowded assembly. Speakers address the crowd from the balcony of a building festooned with two large American flags. The conjugate leaf prints, in three columns, the Constitution and Address of the Vigilance Committee. They explain the breakdown of law and order, and the Committee's mission "for maintenance of the peace and good order of society - the prevention and punishment of crime - the preservation of our lives and property, and to insure that our ballot-boxes shall hereafter express the actual and unforged will of the majority of our citizens." OCLC 43694738 [1- Lib. Cong.], 191115824 [no locations listed] as of March 2017.

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[Louisiana]:
RAILROAD MORTGAGE BOND: NO. 7585
Maverick, Stephan & Co., Lithographers, New York:, 1872
Broadsheet, 18" x 23 1/2". Recto printed with black ink, red underprinted; verso entirely in green ink. Top half of the sheet contains mortgage certificate, with a large vignette of a stream train and a small vignette of mother pelican with her babies and the words "I Live and Die for Those I Love." Bond has preprinted signature of Levi Parsons, President. Bottom half of sheet has 60 small coupons attached, with bond numbers rubberstamped in blue ink and preprinted with the signature of Chas. V. Ware. Denominated in both dollars and British sterling, each payment coupon $35/L7.4S. The verso contains the title of the bond, 28 sections for registering names and dates, as well as the backs of the coupons. Minor wear, few very tiny holes in one coupon with minimal loss. Very Good to Near Fine. The New Orleans, Baton Rouge & Vicksburg Railroad was officially chartered in 1872 and ran until about 1881.

Price: $75.00
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Ames, Nathaniel:
AN ASTRONOMICAL DIARY, OR, ALMANACK FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD CHRIST 1769.
Printed and Sold by William McAlpine in Marlborough-Street, Boston:, [1768]
12mo. 12 leaves (complete), Some spotting and marginalia, stitched, Good+. A scarce printing of an oft-printed 1769 almanac. It is one of two states of this McAlpine imprint; the other has a comma in the imprint after 'McAlpine.' It includes a discourse on the manufacture of silk and the five eclipses that will occur during the year; lists roads and distances to and from various New England cities; and tells 'An Indian Story' involving a dispute between the French and the Natchez Indians. Evans 10815 Drake 3171. NAIP w019326 [5].

Price: $250.00
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[Sugar Act]:
OBSERVATIONS ON THE CASE OF THE NORTHERN COLONIES.
Printed for J. Roberts, London:, 1731
31, [1 blank] pp. Scattered foxing [generally light], bound in modern decorative wrappers. Good+. Sabin calls the pamphlet "A vindication of the Sugar Act, then pending in Parliament. This act prohibited the northern colonies from trading for sugar, etc., with the French West Indies, and required them to obtain these articles from the British West Indies or from England." The anonymous author examines the economies and trading practices of the American colonies. Carefully analyzing their economies, their trade with the French West Indies, and the advantages that such trade confers upon the French enemy, he concludes that "the dispute is only with New England," although New York and Pennsylvania have been insufficiently helpful. Maryland, Virginia and the Carolinas have not interfered with England's trade in a manner "so injurious to their Mother Country." They "therefore have a Merit with their Mother Country, which New England, New York and Pensilvania can in no wise pretend to." Sabin 56510. Kress 3956. ESTC T10214.

Price: $650.00
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[Neill, Andrew]:
TO THE PUBLIC. FACTS AGAINST ASSERTIONS--- PROOF AGAINST DENUNCIATIONS.
Folio sheet, folded to 8-3/8" x 11-1/4". [4]pp, each page printed in three columns. Toned. Old fold lines, a couple of short tears [no text loss] and a few pinholes [no text loss]. A rare, apparently unrecorded imprint. Good+. Signed in type by Andrew Neill at the end and dated, also in type, "August 5th '59." Neill was a Texas lawyer who had fought in its War of Independence. Engaged also in politics, he lost his election for Lieutenant Governor in 1855. His papers are at the University of Texas. Neill opposed Thomas Waul's run for Congress against Andrew Hamilton in 1859. Waul, a lawyer and plantation owner, would become a Confederate Congressman and a soldier for the Confederacy. [See, Handbook of Texas]. Neill says that Waul's "conduct has been illiberal, ungentlemanly, and cowardly." Buttressing his charges with documentation from newspaper accounts, Neill charges that Waul had pillaged an estate "of which he was trustee," taking for himself "some of the slaves, that belonged to the estate." Some of those slaves were the subject of sales transactions between Waul and Robert E. Lee. Neill expands on the evidence supporting his assertions, and denounces Waul's chicanery. Not in Eberstadt, Sabin, Decker, Raines, Rader, Graff. As of March 2016 we do not locate this rarity on OCLC or the online sites of AAS, Yale, Harvard, SMU, U TX., NYPL, Newberry, Library of Congress.

Price: $2,750.00
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[Rhode Island]:
(CIRCULAR.) GENTLEMEN, THE FREEMEN OF THE TOWN OF PROVIDENCE, DEEPLY IMPRESSED WITH THE INEQUALITY AND INJUSTICE OF THE ESTIMATE OF THE RATEABLE PROPERTY OF THE STATE, AS REPORTED BY SEVEN OF THE STATE'S COMMITTEE, AND ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY...
Broadside, 12-3/4" x 15-1/2", dated in type at the top, "Providence, June 29th, 1796." Six paragraphs in two columns separated by a decorative vertical line. A short, closed margin tear; a small pinhole slightly affecting a letter; light toning. Irregular bottom edge. Very Good. Signed in ink at the bottom "In Behalf of the Town" by Jabez Bowen, Moderator. This scarce broadside invites "other towns to choose delegates to a meeting to be held in Providence July 26, 1796, in opposition to the tax estimate recently enacted by the state, and to devise means for securing redress." A great public outcry resulted from the legislation; citizens of Providence and some other towns charged that they had been taxed unfairly and excessively. The Circular denounces "the glaring inconsistency of an Estimate, by which enormous additions were made to some Towns, and the advantages to be derived from those additions confined to a few, who had no greater claim to relief than others, but obtained it by their influence in the Committee." Charges of corruption and misfeasance are legion. Evans 31059. Alden 1481. NAIP w011880 [4].

Price: $750.00
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[Rhode Island] Dorrance, John:
TO THE FREEMEN OF THE STATE OF RHODE-ISLAND. IT HAVING BEEN REPRESENTED THAT MR. WILLIAM GREENE, AS ONE OF THE STATE'S COMMITTEE, CONDUCTED IMPROPERLY, I THINK IT A DUTY TO GIVE A TRUE STATE OF THAT BUSINESS IN RESPECT TO HIM...
Printed by D. Wheeler, Providence:, [1796]
Broadside, 9-1/8" x 11-1/2". Old fold lines, light wear and soil. Else Very Good, with irregular bottom edge. This unrecorded broadside expresses the public outrage over a State Committee's determination of the various rates at which Rhode Island towns would be taxed. Committeeman Greene was vilified for voting to increase taxes for certain towns. Dorrance defends Greene's honor and integrity, although Greene's views "differed very much from myself." Dorrance signs his name in type at the bottom, with the printed place and date: "Providence, August 26, 1796." John Dorrance [c.1747-1813], a native of Providence, graduated from Brown University in 1774. He was a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas; was involved with the Washington Insurance Company and a director of the Exchange Bank. Governor Fenner once accused Dorrance of having sold the body of a stranger who had committed suicide in exchange for a beaver skin hat. Fenner used the charge to squash Dorrance's run for a seat in the General Assembly in 1801; Dorrance later sued for slander. Not in Evans, Shipton & Mooney, Bristol, NAIP, ESTC, Alden, or [as of March 2017] on the online sites of OCLC, Library of Congress, AAS, Brown University, Yale, Harvard.

Price: $1,500.00
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Cobbett, William:
PORCUPINE'S POLITICAL CENSOR, FOR NOVEMBER 1796. CONTAINING OBSERVATIONS ON THE INSOLENT AND SEDITIOUS NOTES, COMMUNICATED TO THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES BY THE LATE FRENCH MINISTER ADET.
Printed for, and sold by, William Cobbett., Philadelphia:, Nov 1796
78 pp. Disbound, else Very Good. Cobbett's blistering attack on the "Gallic usurpers" and especially Minister Adet, with a strong defense of President Washington and his stewardship of foreign policy. Adet, egged on by the Francophiles in Washington's administration (particularly Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe), had abused his hospitality in this country by publicly attacking the Treaty with England, which would supplant France with England as America's chief ally. Gaines [Cobbett] writes that the pamphlet contains "a careful discussion of treaties." Cobbett describes Jefferson as "a Frenchman in politics and morality." Evans 30226. Gaines (Concealed Authorship) 96-55. Gaines (Cobbett) 25a.

Price: $175.00
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Crocker, Charles F.:
LETTER SIGNED, 25 AUGUST 1884 ON SOUTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD LETTERHEAD, TO STEPHEN B. ELKINS, CHAIRMAN OF THE REPUBLICAN NATIONAL COMMITTEE.
Four leaves, written in neat ink manuscript on rectos only, docketed on verso of last leaf. Signed in ink by Crocker at the end, with a different pen and in a different hand from the text. Near Fine. Charles F. Crocker was a Vice President of the Southern Pacific Railroad and the eldest son of Charles Crocker, one of the Big Four railroad men. Young Crocker writes a long, detailed letter to Elkins. A major figure in the Republican Party, Elkins was a wealthy lawyer and industrialist who made his money in railroads, mining, and real estate in New Mexico, and then in West Virginia. He had been New Mexico's territorial delegate to Congress, and would later become Secretary of War. The city of Elkins, West Virginia, bears his name. He managed James Blaine's campaign for the presidency in 1884. Crocker begins by thanking Elkins for seeing to the interests of the Southern Pacific by "securing a conservative State Platform... Our corporate interests now lie in the success of the Republican Ticket, for which we are exerting ourselves to make a clean sweep." The Ticket, he says, "will help us materially in carrying the State for Blaine and Logan." Crocker worries mainly about the Republican Congressional candidate in San Francisco-- "the united colored vote of this city" is strongly for his Democratic opponent. Crocker urges a major effort to overturn this unreasonable allegiance.

Price: $275.00
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Florida in the Confederacy:
THE ACTS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED AT THE 1ST SESSION OF THE 12TH GENERAL ASSSEMBLY OF FLORIDA, BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CAPITOL, IN THE CITY OF TALLAHASSEE, ON MONDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1862.
Office of the Floridian & Journal. Printed by Dyke & Carlisle, Tallahassee:, 1862
79, [1 blank], IV pp. Bound in institutional cloth, gilt-lettered spine labels, institutional bookplate. A clean and lightly worn text. Very Good. An early Florida Confederate imprint, with much material on the ongoing War. Parrish & Willingham 2734.

Price: $375.00
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[Louisiana Confederate Imprint]:
ACTS PASSED BY THE TWENTY-SEVENTH LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF LOUISIANA, IN EXTRA SESSION AT OPELOUSAS, DECEMBER, 1862 & JANUARY, 1863.
Printed at the "Times" Office- Louis Dupleix, Proprietor, Natchitoches, LA:, 1864
48pp, printed in English only [as issued]. Disbound, old institutional rubberstamp on blank portion of title page. Else Very Good., A scarce Confederate imprint, which the Times Office also issued in a more common version, with English and French on opposite pages. Much material on the prosecution of the War. Parrish & Willingham 2992 [1- LNHC only]. For the English-French printing see P&W 2991 [11 locations].

Price: $500.00
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