[Charleston: 1852]. Broadside, printed on tan paper, 7-1/4" x 9-1/4". Several type styles and sizes. Old wrinkles, not obscuring text; three short tape repairs on verso, no loss. Portions of several letters abraded. Good+.
Louis Daniel De Saussure [1824-1888], a major Charleston-area slave auctioneer, plied his trade at Charleston's busy Ryan's slave mart. He and other members of the De Saussure family were prominent for generations in South Carolina's business, civic, political, and cultural life. They were also active slave dealers. Louis began his career at the Tobias & Co. mercantile firm, then launched his own business as a broker, real estate agent, director of the South Carolina Railroad, board member of public companies. De Saussure family members were landowners, slave owners, estate settlers, debt collectors in the Charleston and Camden areas, and ubiquitous participants in the life of their community. [Tadman, Michael: The Hidden History of Slave Trading in Antebellum South Carolina: John Springs III and Other "Gentlemen Dealing in Slaves," THE SOUTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL MAGAZINE, Vol. 97, No. 1, Jan. 1996, pp.6-29; "DeSaussure family papers, 1825-1879", description and summary, South Caroliniana Library, Univ. of South Carolina.]
Ryan's Mart of Charleston was established around 1853 by Thomas Ryan, a Charleston alderman and former sheriff. After Charleston banned public slave auctions in 1856, and required enclosed slave markets, Ryan's Mart became one of the most famous slave markets in the South. It was purchased by Z.B. Oakes in 1859 and rebuilt under the name The Old Slave Mart. Today it is operated as The Old Slave Mart Museum and is considered the last surviving slave auction gallery in South Carolina. ["Old Slave Mart Museum", accessed at the Old Slave Mart Museum on Feb. 12, 2019; "Ryan's Mart", South Carolina Department of Archives and History, website of the National Register Properties in South Carolina.]
The "Gang of 25" is listed numerically in two columns, printing each gang member's age [ranging from infancy to age 60] and "capacity" [carpenter, prime field hand, field hand not prime, cook]. Twelve were adults. Thirteen were children age thirteen and under; of those, nine were six years old or less. James, age thirteen, has a "slight defect in knee from a broken leg".
Hummel 2338 [4- GA, LSU, SC Hist. Soc., U SC]. OCLC 80937976 [2- Williams, Huntington] as of February 2019. Duke and NY Historical Society also have copies. Item #35622