New-York: Published by the Author. G.F. Bunce, Printer, 1831. 214pp [last page numbered 114, as issued], frontispiece portrait of author. Original marbled boards [worn, large piece of marbled paper missing from front board], sheep spine with gilt lettering [spine ends chipped, hinges starting]. Text with scattered foxing. Good+.
"If all the statements of the author, who claims to be a lineal descendant of the tribe, which suffered such murderous slaughter at the hands of Captains Church and Underhill, are true, there is a long score of wrongs to be settled with the State of Massachusetts." [Field]. The 1914 Hubbard Sale said, "The author was an Indian preacher of the Pequod Tribe, who espoused the cause of the Indians." His leadership of the tribe ended the crudest forms of exploitation by the Massachusetts government and predatory whites. Apes was evidently born "in the woods" in Massachusetts, his father "a half-breed who joined the natives and married a descendant of King Philip." [DAB]. This autobiography is one of the earliest, perhaps the earliest, published by a Native American.
Field 43 [1829 first edition]. Hubbard Sale 73. Item #23894