Lima [Peru]: Imprenta Real Calle de Palacio, 1772. 6" x 8". , 127,  pp. Bound in contemporary vellum [dustsoiled and spotted, two chips, large piece of back cover torn off], endpapers pasted to insides of covers. Title page printed in red and black inks. Occasional light foxing, else quite clean. Wormed, affecting letters or portions thereof in early and late leaves. Lower outer corners dogeared and worn. Good+.
This is the first edition of a book on the controversy over the Doctrine of Probabilism. "In Latin America, the Jesuits introduced and were mainly responsible for propagating the probabilism across the region..." Forment, Democracy in Latin America, page 64 . The doctrine met fierce opposition; it was outlawed in Peru in 1767. The Jesuits' advocacy of it led to their expulsion from Latin America in 1767, a few years before the publication of this book.
Sabin 72495. Palau 139857. Medina, Lima 1347. Item #29132