Columbia: Printed by A.S. Johnston, Printer to the Convention, 1833. 19, [1 blank] pp. Stitched, lightly foxed, title page lightly dusted. About Very Good.
South Carolina withdraws, with maximum face-saving, its Ordinance of Nullification, which had asserted its power to nullify the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832 within its borders. In response the Federal government, seeking to avoid armed conflict, lowered those tariffs. South Carolina explains here: "Convinced that under the operation of this system the labor and capital of the plantation states must be forever tributary to the manufacturing states, and that we should in effect be reduced to a condition of colonial vassalage, South Carolina felt herself constrained...to interpose in her sovereign capacity the authorities, rights and liberties appertaining to her as a sovereign state." This interposition was necessary to avoid "the regulation of the whole labour and capital of this vast confederacy by a great central Government." Having made its point "beyond what existing circumstances would have authorized us to expect," and without abandoning its principles, it adopts [and prints here] the Ordinance of Withdrawal.
Also printed here are Convention Reports explaining South Carolina's actions; and a "Report, on the Mediation of Virginia," which assisted in engineering the compromise. That Report insists that South Carolina "must stand acquitted, of the charge of having acted with any undue precipitation...in exercising this faculty of her sovereignty" to nullify acts of the federal government.
Cohen 6313. II Turnbull 311. Sabin 87429. Item #29457