Washington: Friday, January 18, 1833. Elephant folio broadsheet, 15-1/2" x 17-1/2". Printed in five columns on each page. Lightly toned, Very Good. Except for the last 1-1/2 columns, the entire Supplement prints President Andrew Jackson's Address of January 16, 1833, the most outspoken defense-- until Abraham Lincoln-- of the supremacy of the National Union, and an unambiguous rejection of Nullification and State Sovereignty.
On January 16, 1833 Andrew Jackson, convinced that South Carolina would not yield, announced his historic response to South Carolina's purported Nullification of the federal tariff. This rare Supplement is one of the earliest printings of his Address, an eloquent and significant assertion of the primacy of federal law. Not only does Jackson reject South Carolina's "extraordinary defiance of the just authority of the Government," an imminent danger "to the integrity of the Union." He also explains the relation of States to the National Government under the Constitution.
Jackson urges Congress to pass the Force Bill. "Open and organized resistance to the laws should not be executed with impunity." Indeed, South Carolina had called up its State militia to enforce Nullification. Under the Force Bill U.S. troops would close custom houses in Beaufort and Georgetown; in Charleston, the custom house would be moved under federal military supervision to either Castle Pinckney or Fort Moultrie; Federal jails would house violators of federal law; South Carolina's arrest of violators of its unconstitutional Nullification Law would be thwarted by federal courts and met with military force.
OCLC 64432617 [1- Williams] as of January 2020. Item #32158