Single page ink manuscript, 7.5" x 11". Light age toning, old folds [split at center horizontal fold, archival tape repairs on verso]. "Deposition of Maj. Robt. Floyd" on verso. Signed by Marston G. Clark, Very Good.
In August 1794 Major Floyd and Paymaster Nicholas Buckner served under General Anthony Wayne in his northwest campaign against the Indians. Floyd testifies that he exchanged horses with Lieutenant John Reede, and agreed to pay Reede $25.00 when the expedition returned to Cincinnati. Floyd asserts that Paymaster Buckner did not release Floyd's pay at the end of the expedition. But Captain Richard Taylor owed Floyd $25.00 which, upon Floyd's request, Taylor paid Reede. Without Floyd's authorization, however, Paymaster Buckner then also paid Reede from money due Floyd for his service.
Knox County was an original county of the Northwest Territory; it originally extended to Canada and encompassed all or part of the present states of Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Ohio. It later, in much smaller dimensions, became part of the Indiana Territory. General Marston G[reene] Clark [1771-1846], who recorded Floyd's deposition, was a pioneer Indiana settler, first cousin to General William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, and also to General George Rogers Clark. He served in the northwest campaigns with General Wayne, and at the Battle of Tippecanoe with William Henry Harrison. In 1800 he was appointed Justice of Knox County's Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace and the Court of Common Pleas.
The Northwestern Campaign against the Indians took place from 1792 through 1794. President Washington appointed Wayne as commander of the Army of the Northwest. In the summer of 1794 the final battle occurred at Fallen Timbers. Wayne and his men won. This victory led to the signing of the Treaty of Greenville in 1795, ceding most of present-day Ohio to the United States.
Major Robert Floyd [1752-1807], born in Virginia, moved to Kentucky in 1778 and was a surveyor. He was a Captain in the Kentucky Mounted Volunteers; he and his men served under Wayne during the Northwest Campaign. He settled in Knox County in early 1800. Lieut. John Reed [Reede] [1764-1854] was a member of the Kentucky Rangers. His obituary in the Indiana Free Democrat states that Reed was "the companion of [Daniel] Boone in many an Indian encounter"; that he accompanied Wayne in the Indian campaigns; and that Wayne promoted Reed to lieutenant. ["Death of a Revolutionary Soldier," THE INDIANA FREE DEMOCRAT, INDIANAPOLIS, APRIL 20, 1854, VOL. 2, NO. 16]. We are not certain of the identity of Captain Taylor, and thus cannot state whether this Richard Taylor was the father of future President Zachary Taylor. Item #32201