Greenfield, MA: 1838. Sheet folded to 8" x 10".  pp. Toned, old folds. A few small chips at blank edges, short split along spine fold. A few small spots, Very Good.
[offered with] Henry, Caleb S.: THE MARTYRDOM OF CILLEY. EXTRACTED FROM THE MARCH NUMBER OF THE U.S. MAGAZINE AND DEMOCRATIC REVIEW. Washington City. 1838. 5" x 8.5". [1-title], [1-blank], 493-508pp. Disbound, title page loosening. Bottom blank margin of title page torn, light dustsoiling of outer leaves. Other than occasional small spot, text quite clean. Good+.
Wise was William Graves's second in his February 28, 1838 duel with Congressman Jonathan Cilley of Maine. Graves, a Kentucky Congressman, killed Cilley. The duel resulted from bizarre circumstances: Graves had carried a note to Cilley from James Webb, editor of the New York World, about whom Cilley had made disparaging [and doubtless deserved] remarks on the floor of the House. Cilley refused to receive the note on the ground he was not accountable for words spoken in debate. But Graves inferred Cilley might have refused the note because Cilley viewed Webb as not a gentleman. This was an affront to Graves, who would be deemed to have carried the note of an un-gentleman. Graves therefore challenged Cilley to a duel; Wise delivered the challenge to Cilley. They met at Bladensburg, with official Washington as spectators. After several exchanges of shots, with unsuccessful attempts to settle, Cilley fell dead. Cilley's second and Wise insist they did not fuel the flames of this absurd conflict but tried to resolve it.
The "Martyrdom of Cilley" singled out Wise [who embodies "the spirit of malignant evil"] for special criticism in instigating the duel. Grinnell's Letter to Wise suggests that Rev. Henry's promised article will take a different view of the matter. Grinnell calls Rev. Henry "one of our best scholars... and his Review is acquiring a high character." Grinnell has "no doubt he will give an able & good article, -one which you will be gratified to see."
The 'New York Review' published an article in July, 1838. The article recommended two discourses on the duel written by Henry Ware, Jr. and William B. Sprague: "These are two excellent discourses... It was our wish and intention to have presented a thorough and minute analysis of the facts in evidence, in relation to the late duel, the causes and circumstances of the event, and the proceedings had thereon in Congress, that our readers might have before them a complete, as well as clear, view of the whole merits of the case, and of the conduct of all parties in any way connected with that guilty and melancholy transaction. But from unexpected and unavoidable circumstances we have been obliged to forego our purpose; and we regret it the more deeply, because we believe that the influence of party spirit, and of a profligate party press, have on both hands contributed to pervert the truth, and the moral sense of the community." ["Sermons on the Late Duel," THE NEW YORK REVIEW, VOL. III, 1838, pp. 268-270.]
Henry Alexander Wise [1806-1876] a six-term Congressman, diplomat, governor and Confederate army officer from Virginia, was known for his unabashed defense of slavery and states' rights. He gained notoriety as a result of John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry, Virginia. Without prior military experience, Wise joined the Confederate Army at the rank of Brigadier General. After the war, he was unable to reclaim his plantation outside Norwalk, and therefore settled in Richmond and resumed his law practice.
George Grinnell, Jr. [1786-1877] was a congressman elected to represent two separate Massachusetts Congressional Districts in the House of Representatives, serving a total of ten years from 1829 to 1839. He first represented the 7th District as an Anti-Jacksonian, and then the 6th District as a Whig. He founded the New York Review with Dr. Francis L. Hawks in 1837.
Caleb Sprague Henry [1804-1884] was born in Massachusetts and graduated Dartmouth College in 1825. Ordained in 1829, he was a pastor, publisher and author of numerous addresses, essays, and translations. He also served as a professor of history of history and philosophy at New York University from 1839-1852.
OCLC notes 9 copies of the 'Martyrdom of Cilley' under two accession numbers, as of December 2017. Item #34005