1860-1892. Original tooled sheep [chipped, well worn, spine removed], boards detached [first several pages attached to front board], paper label with "Record of Prisoners/ 1860-1892" in pencil. Preprinted pages, columns for each prisoner's name, nativity, offense, commitment and discharge dates, by what authority, number of days in jail and /or dungeon, sheriff's fees, remarks. The columns and headings are slightly different beginning at page 318. Both men and women are listed, with the notation "Colored" or "Col." next to the information on black inmates. Light scattered foxing, occasional dustsoiling. Very Good.
The Franklin County jail was originally located in Franklinton; when the County seat moved to Columbus in 1824, the jail followed. A large jailhouse was built there, with many cells-- separate sections for men, women, colored men, and colored women, as well as a dungeon. It was used as a jail for county defendants and also by the city of Columbus. Most of the stays were fairly short-- up to thirty days-- but others served extensive periods of incarceration. Those convicted of more serious crimes were transferred to the Ohio State Penitentiary, with notations of "sent to O.P." and sentence term. Offenses include: enticing soldiers to desert, assisting deserters, committing abortions, counterfeiting, passing counterfeit notes, larceny, burglary, robbing graves, murder, assault, battery, houses of ill fame, lunacy, bigamy, embezzlement, rape, rioting, picking pockets, bastardy, adultery, perjury, carrying away a child. [Taylor: CENTENNIAL HISTORY OF COLUMBUS AND FRANKLIN COUNTY, OHIO, VOLUME I, 1909, pp. 44-52.]
The most notorious criminal here was Franklin Greiner, sentenced for the murder of his sweetheart Margaret Seeling. He was convicted at January term 1885 and sentenced to be hanged on July 24, 1885. The sentence was suspended until October 17, 1885. Greiner is #1 at page 463 of this Register. October 17, 1885, was his "discharge date". The "By What Authority" column notes "hung at 11:45 a.m. until dead." A newspaper clipping from the 18 October 1885 Capital Newspaper is pasted in. Greiner had an interesting time while incarcerated; at one point was accused of trying to burn down the jail. [EXECUTIVE DOCUMENTS, MESSAGE AND ANNUAL REPORTS FOR 1885... STATE OF OHIO, PART I, 1886, page 425.]
Another interesting case involves William Bethel, pages 157 & 159, listed as "colored", charged with assault with intent to commit rape, incarcerated on 20 February 1871, discharged to Ohio Penitentiary on 9 June 1871 to serve a nine-year sentence. Bethel was pardoned in 1876, according to Ohio Executive Documents, with the charge noted as burglary. The prosecuting attorney stated that Bethel had been an "honest, hard-working man" prior to the crime and was "under the influence of liquor at the time." [EXECUTIVE DOCUMENTS, MESSAGE AND ANNUAL REPORTS FOR 1876... STATE OF OHIO, PART II, 1877, page 354.]
Other crimes include: Henry Brown, Charles Crosley & Hugh O'Connor at page 53, #s 89, 91 and 92, enticing soldiers to desert and assisting deserters; Wilson Martin & R.B. Dunlap at page 53, #s108 & 109, enticing soldiers to desert.; William Criner at page 247, #312, charged with forgery, incarcerated at the county jail 5/12/1875 and sentenced to the Ohio Penitentiary for three years, pardoned on 6/16/1876 [this discharge date is noted]; Mary Nelson at page 221, #2, charged with grand larceny, incarcerated on 2/14/1874 and sentenced to the Ohio Penitentiary for three years, pardoned on 7/21/1876; and John Santo at page 251 and carried over to 257, #361, charged with burglary and grand larceny, incarcerated on 7/19/1875, sentenced on 10/30/1875 to 2 years at the Ohio Penitentiary, pardoned on 8/24/1876; James Brown at page 5, #88, colored, assault with intent to murder; Dennis Cummins [?] at page 225, #37, illegal voting; Jones Smith at page 23, #311, colored, rape, 20 days in jail, 5 days in dungeon; Elli Surratt at page 231, #120, committing abortions; John McMahon and Martha Grouse at page 227, #'s 75 & 76, keeping brothel; Susan Francis Parson at page 53, #81, African, murder of child; William Bradley at page 57, #133 , passing counterfeit notes; Mary Mahoney and Sophia Durfee at page 57, #s 158 and 164, keeping house of ill fame; and much, much more.
The "Authority" columns contain the names of many county judges, justices of the peace, prosecuting attorneys, probate judges, etc. A few examples include Judge James L. Bates [c.1851-1866]; Judge John L. Green [c.1868-1870s]; Lot L. Smith, J.P.; J.A. Barber, J.P.; A.H. Fritcher, J.P. Item #34122