Boston: Press of Geo. C. Rand & Avery, 1866. 29, [3 blanks] pp. Stitched, with the plain rear wrapper [which has a postal cancel]. Front wrapper absent, save for a spine remnant. Else Very Good.
The Church tasks the Commission, whose members are listed, with "the religious and other instruction of the freedmen." Reverend Francis Wharton's Address, printed here, warns that "A free and yet ignorant and debased race cannot exist in the vitals of the body-politic without the most fearful risks." Unlike Indians, "the negro is not nomadic; he refuses to wander from his old homes; there have these four millions of human beings lived, and there will they die." Concluding that their education is a necessity, Wharton then examines the "grave question" whether freedmen are "capable of the cultivation here invoked." Breathing a sigh of relief, he concludes that they have the makings of an "intelligent, Christian, self-directing and self-elevating industrial class."
Page 17 begins an Appendix, explaining the "necessity of industrial activity in the South," Negroes' "capacity for intelligent labor" and the need to Christianize them. President Johnson's Address to the Colored Troops at Washington, advising them of "the importance of controlling your passions," is printed, along with Freedmen's Bureau material and dire warnings of the impending moral collapse of the freedmen.
LCP 8525. Item #34448