[Tuscaloosa? 1864-1865]. Broadside, 6" x 10-1/4". A perhaps unique survival: soiled down the center of an old fold, margins chipped [one chip taking half the letter 'C' in the title word 'Confederate], old archival repairs on verso with loss of about three letters. Good.
This is a rare, unrecorded, and perhaps the sole extant copy of Prison Rules established "by order of Brigadier General J.H. Winder, Commanding Confederate States Military Prisons." Yankee prisoners were housed at Tuscaloosa in two buildings in the business district and in warehouses at the foot of River Hill. Henry Wirz, later of Andersonville infamy, was in charge from late 1861 until mid-1862. ["History of the Andersonville Prison, April 14, 2015, accessed at the National Park Service website on February 4, 2019.]
Printed here are sixteen rules. Among them, "Sentinels" are warned that "Drunkenness, sleeping on post, setting down on post, leaving the post, will be punished..." Guards are prohibited from bringing "any thing to any prisoner," or from admitting visitors to the prison without permission of the "Commander of the Post." They must "see that no prisoner puts his head out of any of the windows, or speaks to any person in the street." They are authorized to shoot any prisoner who disobeys "fair warning to refrain from doing so."
"On July 26, 1864, Winder was promoted to command of all prisons in Georgia and Alabama. On November 23, Confederate president Jefferson Davis created the office of commissary general of prisons and Winder assumed command of all incarceration points east of the Mississippi River" [Atkinson, M. "John H. Winder (1800–1865)." [Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 7 Apr. 2016. Web. 4 Feb. 2019]. Item #35407