[Mexico City: 1848]. 5-1/2" x 8". , [1 blank] pp. Disbound. Unsigned. Very Good.
Brevet Lieut. Col. Miles had been ordered by Brig. Gen. Twiggs, commanding at Vera Cruz, to take command of the wagon train and troops to march into the interior. A number of merchants availed themselves of the escort of the U.S. troops for safe conduct of their merchandise to the capital. The train consisted of 316 government wagons which extended three miles in length, and pack mules upwards of 1700 in number adding another nine miles in length. Lieut. Col. Miles had 1300 troops, but only 150 were cavalry. The mule train was attacked by a party of guerillas between Santa Fe and the Rio San Juan, and upwards of 300 pack mules were driven off, with most of the goods lost belonging to Mexican merchants.
The court of inquiry opined "that in consideration of the excessive length of the train, and the small number of troops under the orders of Lieut. Col. Miles, it was utterly impossible to afford such protection to the whole train as to ensure a safe transit for it through an enemy's country - that Lieut. Col. Miles exercised unusual prudence and foresight in his precautionary measures, and that his entire arrangements upon the march were most judicious and officer-like, and that instead of meriting censure or even animadversion, the conduct of Lieut. Col. Miles entitles him to high commendations."
Dixon Stansbury Miles [1804-1862] served in the Indian Wars and the Mexican War. He was promoted to Captain in 1836 and fought in the Seminole Wars in Florida from 1839-1852. He was promoted to to Major at the start of the Mexican War for" gallant and distinguished conduct" in the defense of Fort Brown, Texas. He fought at the Battle of Monterrey and the Siege of Veracruz, after which he was appointed Brevet Lieut. Col. for "gallant and meritorious conduct in the several conflicts at Monterrey, Mexico." He was a commander during the Civil War and in 1862 was given command of the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry, where his garrison held Conf. Gen. Lee's supply line through the Shenandoah Valley. He was later mortally wounded. Item #35523