[New Jersey: 1820]. Broadside, printed, 8-1/4" x 12-3/4". Untrimmed and lightly tanned. Dated, in type, January 26, 1820. Very Good.
In 1798, the New York Legislature granted Robert R. Livingston and Robert Fulton a monopoly to navigate steamboats in New York waters. Resentment among competitors and others resulted. The unnamed petitioners argued that such "restrictions are in violation of those rights of free and unrestrained intercourse between the several states, intended to be secured to them by the Constitution of the United States." In 1824 the Supreme Court agreed, holding that State restrictions on access to its inland waterways were unconstitutional [Gibbons vs. Ogden, 222 U.S. 1].
This 1820 petition, evidently unrecorded, urges legislators to enact retaliatory restrictions on vessels "running under any license of the Steam Boat monopoly of [New York, and propelled by steam or fire." The New Jersey legislature would do so; but it met the fate dealt by Gibbons vs. Ogden. The petition's advocacy of retaliatory legislation suggests the interstate conflicts that would have arisen in the absence of a Constitution interpreted by a nationalist Supreme Court.
Not in Felcone, American Imprints, Sabin, or the online sites of OCLC, AAS, NYPL, NYHS, Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Cornell, Newark Public Library, Rutgers as of March 2019. Item #35705