[Suffield, CT? 1856]. Broadside, 11-1/4" x 14-1/2". Bold and large type faces. At the head of the title is a large engraving of the iconic Screaming Eagle. Light soil, a blank upper corner chip, blank verso reinforcement of inner margin, two old tape marks on verso from early hanging. Very Good.
1856 marked the first national campaign of the Republican Party, led by John C. Fremont. The Party's emergence confirmed the country's sectional division and signaled the fragility of a continued Union. The Sectional Crisis had destroyed the Whig Party. Fearful Northern voters, devoted to the Union despite the blight of slavery, blamed Republicans for fueling the flames of discord in Kansas, which already was experiencing its own mini-Civil War. This broadside expresses Northern sentiment antagonistic to the Republican Party as the precursor of disunion.
Calvin Wheeler Philleo [1822-1848] was a Hartford lawyer and sometime writer of fiction who became Clerk of the Connecticut General Assembly [Mott, History of American Magazines 1850-1865, page 495 and footnote]. Colonel Augustus G. Hazard [1802-1868] was a prominent Enfield resident who owned the large Hazard Powder Works after which Hazardville, the town of its main operations, was named. The business had more than one hundred gunpowder mills throughout Connecticut; it supplied the US military during the Mexican-American War, provided blasting powder during the California Gold Rush of 1849, sold gunpowder to Britain and Russia during the Crimean War, and accounted for about forty per cent of the Union Army's gunpowder during the Civil War. Hazard had been a Whig and Chair of the Party's State Central Committee; after the Whig collapse he became a Democrat. [Trumbull: II THE MEMORIAL HISTORY OF HARTFORD COUNTY, CONNECTICUT, pp.158-162; "Colonel Augustus G. Hazard, Gunpowder Manufacturer", Connecticut Historical Society website].
OCLC 43164361 [3- CT State Lib., CT Hist. Soc., Yale], 54673096 [1- KS State Hist. Soc.] as of June 2019. Item #36023