Boston: Boston Commonwealth... Extra. . Broadsheet, 21-3/4" x 16". Recto printed in three columns; verso printed in five columns. Untrimmed, light edge wear, a few spots and old folds, with several light crimps and one or two small separations at fold intersection affecting three or four letters. Good+. "Boston Commonwealth.... Extra." at head of title.
The broadsheet, a dramatic illustration of the growing split in the Democratic Party, supports the "Free Democratic" Party, led by Senator John Hale of New Hampshire and George Julian of Indiana. A precursor of the Republican Party, the Free Democratic Party was created by Northern Democrats who broke with the national Democratic Party, which was dominated by southern pro-slavery men. The Free Democrats pledged, "NO MORE SLAVE STATES, NO SLAVE TERRITORY, NO NATIONALIZED SLAVERY, and NO NATIONAL LEGISLATION FOR THE EXTRADITION OF SLAVES." That bold promise is contrasted with the temporizing pro-slavery Platforms of the two major Parties-- the "Compromise Democratic Nominations" of Franklin Pierce; and the Whigs, headed by Winfield Scott.
The verso is headed in bold type: "The Fugitive Slave Law! America's Bill of Abominations!!" Its text, with the signature in bold type of President Millard Fillmore, is printed in five columns at the top half of the verso. The lower half is an address, by "Alexander," "To the People of the United States!--- The Issue before the Nation!" Unlike the Whigs and Democrats, the "Free Democracy will favor the early policy of the country, to limit, localize and discourage slavery... the immediate repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law." The Free Democratic Platform is printed, along with that of the Democrats and Whigs.
OCLC 83679097 [2- NYHS, Peabody-Essex], 45737584 [2- Boston Public, Wellesley] as of June 2019. Not located at the online site of AAS. Item #36045