[Fort Randall, Dakota Territory]: December 31, 1871. Elephant folio printed broadsheet, 20-1/2" x 31", completed in neat ink manuscript. Signed and dated at Fort Randall, D.T., December 31, 1871, by Geo. H. Cram, Captain, and E. Sotis [a/k/a E.S. Otis], Lieut. Col., 22nd Infantry. Contains the usual columns and information such as name, rank, enlistment dates, whether present, money due, etc. The majority of the soldiers are listed as having money due for clothing. Old folds, several fold splits repaired with minor loss, small tear at bottom corner with some loss. Good+.
[offered with] MUSTER ROLL OF STEWARD, WARDMASTER, COOKS, NURSES, MATRONS, AND DETACHED SOLDIERS, SICK, IN THE HOSPITAL OF FORT RANDALL, D.T., ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES, FROM THE THIRTY FIRST DAY OF OCTOBER, 1871, WHEN LAST MUSTERED, TO THE THIRTY FIRST DAY OF DECEMBER 1871.
The 22nd Regiment of U.S. Infantry was originally organized as the 2nd Battalion of the 13th Infantry on May 4, 1861. It later became the 22nd Infantry under Act of Congress July 28, 1866. During the Civil War, the regiment fought at Chickasaw Bayou, Walnut Hills, the Siege of Vicksburg, Missionary Ridge, and elsewhere. The regiment's best known men were William T. Sherman and Philip H. Sheridan. After the War the regiment was transferred to the Northern plains; its duties included keeping civilians out of the Black Hills of the Dakota Territories. In 1869, the 22d Infantry was involved in actions at the Oglala Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, in South Dakota. In the summer of 1870, Company K was sent to Lower Brule Agency on the right bank of the Missouri. After 1870 Black Seminole Indian Scouts were attached to it, four of whom received the Congressional Medal of Honor. [THE ARMY OF THE US HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF STAFF AND LINE, New York: 1896, "Twenty-Second Regiment of Infantry By Captain Oskaloosa M. Smith, C. S., U. S. ARMY., Late First Lieutenant 22d Infantry", pp. 680-690.]
Listed on the muster roll of Company K are George H. Cram, Captain; Martin E. Morgan, 1st Lieut.; Cornelius C. Cusick, 2d Lieut.; Sgts. William H. Davis, Robert Hilliard, William A. Handy, Edward Malmser?, John Malden, and William Anderson; Corps. Robert Hannold, John E. Knight, and James O'Rourke; musician William C. Campbell; Artificer Edward Carey; 36 privates; and a handful of others.
Listed on the hospital muster roll are five individuals, three from the 22nd Regiment: James D[oc] Sadler [1843-1913] enlisted July 14, 1870 at Grand River, Dakota Territory, by Lt. D.G. Fenno for 5 year period of service, attached to Fort Randall Hospital on April 17, 1871 as Steward. Married to Ida Salder [1844-1920] who attached to the hospital on June 1, 1871, as the Matron. Pvt. Thomas Walters of Company K, 22nd Infantry, attached to hospital on 9/12/1871 as a nurse; Pvt. George Smith of Company G, 22nd Infantry, attached to hospital 10/30/1871 as a nurse; and Pvt. Henry Manne of Company G, 22nd Infantry, attached to hospital 11/11/1871 as the cook.
George Henry Cram [1838-1872] was Captain of Company H, 9th Kentucky Infantry during the Civil War. He was wounded several times in action and participated at the battles of Shiloh, Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, East Tennessee campaign, and at Missionary Ridge at Chattanooga. He was later brevetted as a Brigadier General for gallant and meritorious service at the Battle of Shiloh. After the Civil War, Cram was put in charge of Company K, 22nd Regiment of U.S. Infantry. He died of dysentery in 1872 while serving with his unit at Ponca Agency, Dakota Territory. [Henry: MILITARY RECORD OF CIVILIAN APPOINTMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES ARMY, New York: 1873, p. 185.]
Elwell Stephen Otis [1838-1909] was a graduate of Harvard Law School. He served with the 140th NY Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War and fought at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Spotsylvania, Overland Campaign, Petersburg, and others. He served with the 22nd U.S. Infantry during the Indian Wars, including participating in the campaign in Montana following the Battle of the Little Big Horn. He was appointed Brigadier General of the regular army in 1893 and commanded the Department of the Columbia and Department of the Colorado. He later participated in the Philippine-American War and was commended for his military skill and distinguished service. [Website of the Arlington Cemetery and Wikipedia.]
Cornelius Charles Cusick [1835-1904] was noted in his obituary as being one of Western New York's "most famous and prominent Indians". He was a Tuscarora sachem, born on the Tuscarora Indian Reservation in Western New York. The Tuscarora were the Sixth Nation of the Haudenosaunees. His grandfather was Nicholas Kaghnatsho Cusick, the interpreter for General Marquis de Lafayette during the American Revolution. Cusick and Cayuga Chief Peter Wilson had persuaded the New York State Adjutant General's office to lift the ban on the Haudenosaunee nation's members from military service in 1862. Cusick was made Lieutenant of Company D, 132nd New York State Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War; his unit was composed of American Indian soldiers and called the "Tuscarora Company" after their captain's heritage. After the Civil War, Cusick was commissioner 2nd Lieutenant in the 13th U.S. Infantry, later the 22nd Regiment, and eventually achieved the rank of Captain. He was active in the Indian campaigns for many years, and finally retired from active service in 1892 due to disability incurred during his duties. ["Army Logic: The Tuscarora Company in the Civil War" by Laurence M. Hauptman, AMERICAN INDIAN MAGAZINE, Fall 2016/ Vol. 17 No. 3, accessed online on September 30, 2020; "Fought In Many Indian Wars, Death of Lieut. Cusick of the Tuscaroras", DEMOCRAT AND CHRONICLE, Rochester, New York, 5 January 1904, page 4.]. Item #37137