"THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT THE MOTHER OF ANDREW JACKSON WAS FANNY JENNINGS, AND CAME TO AMERICA WITH THE KING'S SOLDIERS UNDER THE COMMAND OF GENL. DAUBBS, WHO ERECTED A FORT IN NORTH CAROLINA IN THE YEAR 1759 OR 1760, AND WHEN THE SOLDIERS WERE REMOVED FROM THAT PLACE BILL MOORE & FANNY WERE LEFT BEHIND, AND REMAINED THE RESIDUE OF THEIR LIFE IN THAT SECTION OF THE COUNTRY. "FANNY'S ELDEST SON WILLIAM WHO WAS A DARK MULATTO WAS SOLD TO MOSES PURVIANCE, AND WAS TAKEN TO THE SOUTH. HER SECOND SON ANDREW WAS CAST UPON THE KING'S COURT AT THE SEPTEMBER TERM IN 1767: THEY GAVE HIM A NAME BY VOTE, ANDREW JACKSON, AFTER HIS SUPPOSED FATHER, WHO WAS A SLAVE, AND ONE FOURTH IN THE AFRICAN BLOOD, AND BOUND HIM TO LAWYER AVERY AFTERWARDS COL. AVERY OF PLEASANT GARDEN, BURKE COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA AND DOCTOR BUSHELL BECAME HIS GODFATHER AND HAD HIM BAPTIZED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND... "(SIGNED) WILLIAM RODGERS "N.B. THE ABOVE SLAVE WAS THE PROPERTY OF JAMES GREENWAY HIS MOTHER WAS A MULATTO, AND HIS FATHER SUPPOSED TO BE AN IRISHMAN AND THE SAID FANNY WAS LIVING ON THE GREENWAY'S PLANTATION IN A CABIN AND WAS KNOWN TO ASSOCIATE WITH THE PEOPLE OF COLOUR BELONGING TO THE SAID COL. GREENWAY. " (SIGNED) WM RODGERS "IT IS POSSIBLE THAT DAVID PURVIANCE REMEMBERED THIS FANNY JENNINGS, AND ANDREW JACKSON, WHO WENT TO SCHOOL TO JOHN MONTGOMERY. GENL C. MCDOWELL IF LIVING COULD ALSO ATTEST TO ANDREW'S RAISING AND ARCHIBALD SLOANE, GEORGE DICKEY AND DAVID SMITH AND MANY OTHERS LIVING IN BURK COUNTY NORTH CAROLINA WHEN THE COURT BOUND JACKSON TO AVERY. IN PROCESS OF TIME MY FATHER REMOVED TO GREENE COUNTY, E. TENNESSEE NO GREAT DISTANCE FROM JONESBOROUGH, WHERE THE SAME ANDREW SET AS JUDGE OF THE SUPERIOR COURT, WHEN HE KNEW ME: WHEN WE WOULD -- ALWAYS APPEARED FRIENDLY, AND CALLED MY NAME. I ALSO SAW HIM AFTER HE RECOGNIZED ME AND CALLED ME HIS OLD HACKNEY FOR HE HAD MANY A RIDE ON MY BACK UNDER THE OLD BRITISH ORDER OF HORSING AT SCHOOL. "(SIGNED) W.B.".
[np: c. 1828].  pp, entirely in ink manuscript, 12-1/2" x 7-3/4." Small corner torn away with loss of a couple of short words. Otherwise, Very Good.
The document purports to be statements from two men-- "William Rodgers" and "W.B."-- claiming that Andrew Jackson was the illegitimate son of a prostitute-- Fanny Jennings-- and an enslaved man, "one fourth in the African blood." A court allegedly gave him his name and bound him to Lawyer Avery. Neither statement is dated or attested, and no location is given. The identity of William Rodgers and W.B. is unknown.
The campaign rumor regarding Jackson's mother is well-known. See, for example, Heidler, The Rise of Andrew Jackson. A nearly identical text appeared in the Burlington (Vermont) Sentinel and Democrat on 22 August 1828, accompanied by the newspaper's denunciation of the allegation as "entirely outraging every conception of decency and propriety," originating with "base and fiend-like attempts which some of the friends of Mr. Adams are now industriously making to bring reproach upon... the deceased mother of the patriot and hero." Item #37188