Raleigh: Cannon & Holden, Printers to the Convention, 1865. 94, [2 blanks], iii, [1 blank] pp,
[bound with] JOURNAL OF THE CONVENTION OF THE STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, AT ITS ADJOURNED SESSION OF 1866. Raleigh: Cannon & Holden, Printers to the Convention. 1866. 192, III, [1 blank] pp [as issued]. The two Journals, each a separate imprint, in original sheep, rebacked with original gilt-stamped red morocco spine label. 'Withdrawn' rubberstamp at blank lower margin of title page, and accession number on its blank verso. Library bookplate on front pastedown, Lightly toned, and a persistent light spot through page 55 [second count]. Else Very Good.
The Convention of 1865 met at Raleigh on 2 October 1865. Its delegates, listed here, assembled "at a time of great perplexity to reorganise the Government which has been disturbed by a protracted and disastrous war." In particular, as conveyed to the Convention by Provisional Governor Holden, its mission was to create a Constitution abolishing slavery. Holden also received instructions from President Johnson that the Convention acknowledge the illegality of secession, and repudiate its Confederate war debt.
"Delegates focused on determining the absolute minimum requirements the president considered necessary for reunion and then debated the exact ways they would implement them. The ordinance that prohibited slavery in North Carolina engendered little argument. The proposal to declare the 1861 secession ordinance 'null and void' faced more opposition. The delegates finally passed the original proposal by a vote of 105 to 9. The longest debate centered around the ordinance 'prohibiting the payment of all debts created or incurred in aid of the late rebellion.' Not until President Johnson, in response to a Holden telegram, wired the convention that 'every dollar of the debt created to aid the rebellion . . . should be repudiated finally and forever,' did the delegates, on 19 October, the last day of the convention, enact the ordinance [NCpedia on line, The Convention of 1865].
The Convention resolved to seek the removal of black troops from the State, and to receive a plan to adopt a set of Black Codes. The delegates reassembled on May 24, 1866, after having adjourned on October 19, 1865, to consider a variety of other matters, expressing distress that Congress had not yet restored North Carolina to its pre-War status. North Carolina refused to ratify the 14th Amendment to the Constitution in 1866, and did not do so until 1868.
Thornton Official Publications 403. OCLC 236086691 [1- Harv. Law] as of December 2020. Item #37289