Tallahassee: N.M. Bowen, State Printer, 1885. 631, [1 blank] pp. Bound in contemporary sheep [rubbed] with gilt-lettered morocco spine labels. A clean text, Very Good. Inscribed on front free endpaper: "Judge Thomas Settle from your friend Philip Walter." Settle was a Federal court judge in Northern Florida, appointed in 1877 by President Grant, and served until his death in 1888. Philip Walter , a Jewish Floridian, was clerk of the Federal court, and a delegate to the 1885 Constitutional Convention. See, 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia [Florida].
Democrats deemed the "carpetbag" constitution of 1868 a "relic of Reconstruction." Its highly centralized provisions permitted control of the State by the "carpetbaggers." Only seven of the delegates to this 1885 Convention were Negroes. Article VI of the proposed Constitution authorized the legislature to make payment of a "capitation tax a prerequisite for voting." Establishment of the poll tax "was obviously directed at the disfranchisement of the Negro and the obliteration of the Republican Party in Florida" [Williamson].
This document records the day-by-day proceedings, lists the delegates, and prints the proposed Constitution.
Williamson, 'The Constitutional Convention of 1885,' in 41 Florida Historical Quarterly 116-126 . Item #37676