JOHN P. MITCHELL VS. PETER F. ELLICOTT BEFORE THE REGISTER AND RECEIVER OF THE LAND OFFICE AT SPRINGFIELD, JAN. 11, 1850.

[Springfield IL? 1850]. Folio broadside, 8" x 18." Uniformly toned, some bleedthrough from ink on blank verso, light spotting, expert repair to a short closed tear [no loss]. Signed in type at the end by Mitchell's lawyer, C.H. Moore, a friend and ally of Abraham Lincoln. Good+.

Mitchell claimed ownership of the land by virtue of his being the high bidder at an auction, pursuant to Act of Congress, of lands lying "within six miles of the Illinois Central Rail Road." Ellicott claimed he owned the land pursuant to his claim under the preemption laws. But Mitchell argues that Ellicott had neither satisfied the requirements of a preemption claim, nor had the preemption laws been applicable to his claim. "For these reasons we say that Ellicott is not entitled to the land."
"By the time the young Clifton Moore arrived in Clinton to become the town's first resident attorney in 1841, another lawyer by the name of Abraham Lincoln had already established himself as a circuit-riding prairie lawyer in the area, along with other attorneys of the Eighth Judicial Circuit. Lincoln would continue visiting Clinton for another 18 years after that, spending over 100 days and nights in the town, staying in local taverns, hotels, and homes of residents.
"During that time, Moore and Lincoln became associates in the law and close friends, occasionally facing each other in court at the Clinton courthouse, but often partnering in cases on the same side. In fact, it is believed that during his legal career Lincoln partnered more with C. H. Moore than any other DeWitt County attorney.
"When Lincoln the lawyer started moving to become Lincoln the politician, he knew with confidence that he could count on the support of his friend and colleague Clifton Moore and many of people of Clinton. In fact, the famous quote, 'You can fool all the people part of the time and part of the people all of the time, but you cannot fool all the people all of the time' is believed to have been first used by Lincoln when addressing the people on the town square.
"Moore, a loyal supporter and active promoter of Lincoln's political endeavors, was heavily involved in one of the future President's campaign events, a Republican barbecue, with Lincoln as featured speaker. There is also documentation of Lincoln spending the night as a guest in Moore's large brick rural home (just east of Clinton; now a private residence)."
See, online site of C.H. Moore Homestead and De Witt County Museum. Item #38934

Price: $450.00