[Richmond? Alabama?]: Published by S.C. McIntyre, [1861?]. Upper body photograph of General Pierre Gustav Toutant Beauregard in his Confederate uniform, his two rows of buttons indicating rank of Brigadier General. 6" x 8." Apparently Confederate uniforms conferred three stars on the collar of all Confederate generals. "Published by S.C. McIntyre" on left portion of the oval; "Copy right secured" on right portion of the oval. Near Fine.
Pierre Gustav Toutant Beauregard, a career United States Army officer, joined the Confederacy after his home state of Louisiana seceded. He was promoted to Brigadier General in 1861.
McIntyre [born c.1816), a native of Scotland, immigrated to the U.S. in November, 1840. Having studied surgical dentistry in Paris, he opened a dental practice; newspapers and census records show him in Florida and South Carolina in the 1840s, San Francisco (CA) in 1850-1851, Nevada City (CA) in the mid-1850s, Alabama in the 1860s and 1870s, and back in California in the 1880s. Some sources suggest a temporary sojourn in Richmond, where he may have taken this photograph, which in format is like his photograph of Lee and other Confederate Generals. See, Hopkins, ROBERT E. LEE IN WAR AND PEACE, noting McIntyre's Richmond oval photo of Lee, with identical publication and copyright information; and noting that."McIntyre's notation of 'copyright secured' on his altered photograph of General Lee was quite unique in the early days of the Confederacy."
Additional information regarding McIntyre is found in Peter E. Palmquist and Thomas
R. Kailbourn, Pioneer Photographers of the Far West: A Biographical Dictionary, 1840-
1865 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000); and Mike Robinson's "Sterling C. McIntyre's Panoramic Views of San Francisco", in The Daguerreian Annual 2013.
Not in Crandall, Parrish & Willingham, Haynes, or on OCLC as of July 2023. Item #39367